BORIS ALEKSYEEVICH GOLITSUIN (1654-1714), Russian statesman, came of a princely family, claiming descent from Prince Gedimin of Lithuania.
Golitsuin it was who suggested taking refuge in that strong fortress and won over the boyars of the opposite party.
Golitsuin was a typical representative of Russian society of the end of the 17th century in its transition from barbarism to civilization.
VASILY VASILEVICH GOLITSUIN (1643-1714), Russian statesman, spent his early days at the court of Tsar Alexius where he gradually rose to the rank of boyar.
The May revolution of 1682 placed Golitsuin at the head of the Posolsky Prikaz, or ministry of foreign affairs, and during the regency of Sophia, sister of Peter the Great, whose lover he became, he was the principal minister of state (1682-1689) and "keeper of the great seal," a title bestowed upon only two Russians before him, Athonasy Orduin-Nashchokin and Artamon Matvyeev.
In the civil war between Sophia and Peter (August - September 1689), Golitsuin half-heartedly supported his mistress and shared her ruin.
Golitsuin was unusually well educated.
DMITRY MIKHAILOVICH GOLITSUIN (1665-1737), Russian statesman, was sent in 1697 to Italy to learn "military affairs"; in 1704 he was appointed to the' command of an auxiliary corps in Poland against Charles XII.; from 1711 to 1718 he was governor of Byelogorod.
After the death of Peter the Great, Golitsuin became the recognized head of the old Conservative party which had never forgiven Peter for putting away Eudoxia and marrying the plebeian Martha Skavronskaya.
But the reformers, as represented by Alexander Menshikov and Peter Tolstoi, prevailed; and Golitsuin remained in the background till the fall of Menshikov, 1727.
(1728-1730), Golitsuin was the most prominent statesman in Russia and his high aristocratic theories had full play.
Golitsuin was left in peace, however, and lived for the most part in retirement, till 1736, when he was arrested on suspicion of being concerned in the conspiracy of his son-in-law Prince Constantine Cantimir.
Osterman was appointed governor to the young emperor, and on his death (1730) he refused to participate in the attempt of Demetrius Golitsuin and the Dolgorukis to convert Russia into a limited constitutional monarchy.
His name is a form of Golitsuin (q.v.), the Russian family from which he came.