This was the first of the many rich discoveries in the same district which have made Western Australia the chief gold-producer of the Australian group. In 1907 there were eighteen goldfields in the state, and it was estimated that over 30,000 miners were actively engaged in the search for gold.
As early as 1860 there had been disturbances of a serious character, and the Chinese were chased off the goldfields of New South Wales, serious riots occurring at Lambing Flat, on the Burrangong goldfield.
Schmeisser, The Goldfields of Australasia, 2 vols.
The Madibi goldfields are some 10 m.
Durban was soon thronged; and Pietermaritzburg, which was then practically the terminus of the Natal railway, was the base from which nearly all the expeditions to the goldfields were fitted out.
Two years later, in 1886, the Rand goldfields were proclaimed, and the tide of trade which had already set in with the Transvaal steadily increased.
Natal colonists were not merely the first in the field with the transport traffic to the new goldfields; they became some of the earliest proprietors of mines, and for several years many of the largest mining companies had their chief offices at Pietermaritzburg or Durban.
Goldfields also exist in the Waterberg and on the western frontier in the Marico district (the Malmani fields).
The Klerksdorp and Potchefstroom goldfields, known also as the Western Rand, were proclaimed in 1887 and up to the close of 1908 had yielded 446,224 OZ.
Are alluvial - and the only rich alluvial goldfields in South Africa.
In 1886 the Rand goldfields, which had just been discovered, were proclaimed and Johannesburg was founded.
Land went up in value, and farms, many of them at comparatively remote distances from the goldfields, were sold at enormously enhanced prices.
Rickard, The Sampling and Estimation of Ore in a Mine (New York, 1904); Truscott, The Witwatersrand Goldfields - Banket and Mining Practice (London, 1898; G.
(3) The " banket " formation, which characterizes the goldfields of South Africa, consists of a quartzite conglomerate throughout which gold is very finely disseminated.
Among the regions not previously important as gold-producers which now contribute to the annual output, the most remarkable are the goldfields of South Africa (Transvaal and Rhodesia, the former of which were discovered in 1885).
The average annual product of India for the period 1886 to 1899 inclusive was £698,208, and its present annual product averages about 550,000 oz., or about £2,200,000, obtained almost wholly from the free-milling quartz veins of the Colar goldfields in Mysore, southern India.
The great increase during the few years preceding 1899 was due to the development of the goldfields of the North-Western Territory, especially British Columbia.
Truscott,Witwaters- rand Goldfields Banket and Mining Practice; Australasia: D.
Clark, Australian Mining and Metallurgy; Karl Schmeisser, Goldfields of Australasia; A.
Tamworth is the centre of several goldfields, at one of which, Bingera, diamonds are found.
The goldfields are exploited with American capital, and yield a fair return.
In the latter part of the decade1850-1859the territories adjacent to California on the east, north and south were overrun by thousands of miners from the Sierra Nevada goldfields, and within a few years an extraordinary number of discoveries were made, some of which proved to be of great importance.
The goldfields of the Yukon, though still valuable, show a lessening production.
The discovery of the goldfields near the modern Klagenfurt in 150 B.C. (Strabo iv.
The Gork goldfields, which are visible from Koko Nor, are reported to have yielded to China considerable quantities of gold as lately as 1888.
These have been for the most part discoveries in alluvial deposits of the goldfields, and the stones were small.
The port is an outlet for a wide area of pastoral country and for several goldfields, and has regular communication with all ports north and south by lines of steamers.
The town is the centre of the Ovens goldfields, and the district is mainly devoted to mining with both alluvial and reef working, but much of the land is under cultivation, yielding grain and fruit.
The opening up of the diamond mines at Kimberley (1870) followed (1886) by the discovery of the Witwatersrand goldfields completely revolutionized the economic situation and profoundly modified the history of the country.
Wolseley, in a despatch dated the 13th of November 1879 said: The Transvaal is rich in minerals; gold has already been found in quantities, and there can be little doubt that larger and still more valuable goldfields will sooner or later be discovered.
Truscott, The Witwatersrand Goldfields (2nd ed., 1902); A.
The goldfields of Minas Geraes in Brazil, discovered about 1693, brought a vast revenue in royalties to the Crown, which was thus enabled to govern without summoning the cortes to vote supply.
Baker goldfields and the Nooksack valley farm and orchard region.