GLADBACH, the name of two towns in Germany distinguished as Bergisch-Gladbach and Munchen-Gladbach.
Bergisch-Gladbach is in Rhenish Prussia, 8 m.
The Stundenthalshbhe, a popular resort, is in the neighbourhood, and near Gladbach is Altenberg, with a remarkably fine church, built for the Cistercian abbey at this place.
Munchen-Gladbach, also in Rhenish Prussia, 16 m.
Gladbach existed before the time of Charlemagne, and a Benedictine monastery was founded near it in 793.
It was thus called Munchen-Gladbach or Monks' Gladbach, to distinguish it from another town of the same name.
See Strauss, Geschichte der Stadt Munchen-Gladbach (1895); and G.
Eckertz, Das Verbriiderungsand Todtenbuch der Abtei Gladbach (1881).
From Crefeld, and at the junction of lines to Munchen-Gladbach, Venlo, &c. Pop. (1905) 27,577.
ESCHWEILER, a town of Germany, in the Prussian Rhine province, on the Inde, and the railways Cologne-Herbesthal and Munich-Gladbach-Stolberg, about 8 m.
Linen is largely made at Gladbach, leather at Malmedy, glass in the Saar district and beetroot sugar near Cologne.
Crefeld is an important railway centre, and has direct communication with Cologne, Rheydt, Munchen-Gladbach and Holland (via Zevenaar).