The outline of the curve of a valley's sides ultimately depends on the angle of repose of the detritus which covers them, if there has been no subsequent change, such as the passage of a glacier along the v.alley, which tends to destroy the regularity of the crosssection.
Long, which, with the smaller Kolb glacier, lie immediately west of the main divide.
Most of the glaciers terminate at an altitude of 14,800-14,900 ft., but the small Cesar glacier, drained to the Hausberg valley, reaches to 14,450.
The whole interior of Greenland is completely covered by the so-called inland ice, an enormous glacier forming a regular shield-shaped expanse of snow and glacier ice, and burying all valleys and mountains far below its surface.
Near its margin the surface of the inland ice is broken up by numerous large crevasses, formed by the outward motion of the glacier covering the underlying land.
These processes are accompanied by a gradual descent down the mountain side, during which the neve suffers consolidation, until it becomes compact glacier-ice.
The neve is thus the feeding ground of the glacier (q.v.).
As the Hindu Kush strikes westwards, after first rounding the head of an Oxus tributary (the Ab-i-Panja, which Curzon considers to be the true source of the Oxus), it closely overlooks the trough of that glacier-fed stream under its northern spurs, its crest at the nearest point being separated from the river by a distance which cannot much exceed io m.
His observations led him to the view that a glacier is an imperfect fluid or a viscous body which is urged down slopes of a certain inclination by the mutual pressure of its parts, and involved him in some controversy with Tyndall and others both as to priority and to scientific principle.
The action of the continental glacier in scouring down the passes between the St Lawrence and southern drainage, and in turning streams southward, has facilitated the building of railways across the divides.
These are Mount Rainier or Tacoma (14,363 ft.), Mount Adams (12,470 ft.), Mount Baker (10,827 ft.), Glacier Peak (10,436 ft.) and Mount St Helens (io,000 ft.).
The lake of Thun, and those in the Upper Engadine, in the heart of the mountains, though these are naturally smaller in extent, while the true lakes of the High Alps are represented by the glacier lakes of the Marjelensee (near the Great Aletsch glacier) and those on the northern slope of the Col de Fenetre, between Aosta and the Val de Bagnes.
Griinhornlucke (Great Aletsch Glacier to the Fiescher Glacier), snow.
Triftlimmi (Rhone Glacier to the Gadmen Valley), snow Sustenlimmi (Stein Alp to Goeschenen), snow..
7,267 Grimsel Pass (Meiringen to the Rhone Glacier), carriage road 7,100 Kleine Scheidegg (Grindelwald to Lauterbrunnen), railway over.
10,112 Fuorcla del Confin (Silvretta Pass to the Vermunt Glacier), snow.
Passo della Lobbia Alta (Lobbia Glacier to the Mandron Glacier), snow..
It is reckoned that about 20 glacier passes were certainly known before 1600, about 25 more before 1700, and yet another score before 1800; but though the attempt of P. A.
It is almost immediately joined on the left by the Mutt torrent, coming from a small glacier to the S.E., and then flows S.W.
About half a mile from the glacier the river turns S.E.
It is described as a lofty glacier-covered land, reaching an extreme elevation of about 2400 ft.
A way was found to the summit of the Plateau by the Axel Heiberg glacier which was negotiated by the dogs with much difficulty.
29 a depot with six days' provisions was made at the foot of the Devil's glacier in lat.
The Drygalski glacier tongue was crossed and the party made its way southward along the sea-ice close to shore.
But the Plateau was to be reached by Shackleton's way up the Beardmore glacier at which point the tracks converged.
Dr. Atkinson's party, sent back by Scott from the Beardmore glacier, arrived on Jan.