In another question connected with this, the problem of drawing tangents to any curve, Descartes was drawn into a controversy with Pierre (de) Fermat (1601-1663), Gilles Persone de Roberval (1602-1675), and Girard Desargues (1593-1661).
In February 1844 he argued the Girard Will Case before the United States Supreme Court.
Stephen Girard had devised and bequeathed the residue of his estate for the establishment and maintenance of Girard College, in which no minister of the Gospel of any sect or denomination whatever should be admitted.
Girard, in La Revue politique et litteraire (Dec. 27, 1813); V.
Girard, Comptes rendus, 1856, 43, p. 39 6).
Girard in Daremberg and Saglio, Dictionnaire des antiquites (s.v.
DaP4 References For Symmetric Functions.-Albert Girard, In- -vention nouvelle en l'algebre (Amsterdam, 1629); Thomas Waring, Meditationes Algebraicae (London, 1782); Lagrange, de l'acad.
This appears to have been due in the first instance to Albert Girard (1595-1632), who extended Vieta's results in various branches of mathematics.
We have next to consider the works of Albert Girard, a Flemish mathematician.
Girard is inconsistent in his notation, sometimes following Vieta, sometimes Stevin; he introduced the new symbols ff for greater than and ï¿½ for less than; he follows Vieta in using the plus (+) for addition, he denotes subtraction by Recorde's symbol for equality (=), and he had no sign for equality but wrote the word out.
He studied at Paris under Girard la Pucelle, who began to teach in or about 1160, but as he states in his book De nugis curialium that he was at the court of Henry II.
He prepared a new edition of the monk Theophilus's celebrated treatise, Diversarum artium schedula, and for several years devoted his Saturday mornings to laboratory research with the chemist Aline Girard at the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers, the results of which were utilized by Marcellin Berthelot in the first volume (1894) of his Chimie au moyen dge.
Girard and G.
At the beginning of the r4th century Girard of Amiens made a dull compilation known as Charlemagne from the chansons de gests, authentic history and the pseudoTurpin.
Scheler (Brussels, 1874); Charlemagne, by Girard d'Amiens, detailed analysis in Paris, Hist.
Vandamme and Girard attacked S.
Girard, Le Sentiment religieux en Grece (1869); J.
In 1893 Girard and Street patented a furnace and a process by which this transformation could be effected.
Of these Limnadella (Girard, 1855) has a single eye.
See Henry Girard, Raymond Poincare (1913); Raymond Poincare, a sketch (1914); Larousse Mensuel, No.
With them the main building of Girard College and the United States Naval Asylum were erected and the long rows of red-brick residences were trimmed.
There are many technical and special schools, such as Girard College, Drexel institute and Franklin institute at Philadelphia, the Carnegie institute at Pittsburg and the United States Indian school at Carlisle (1891).
The word may have some connexion with a corruption of Visigoth, a suggestion to which the use in the Girard romance lends colour.
10,073 Col de Girard (Bonneval to Forno Alpi Graie), snow (C).
P. 596, " Experiments on Jonval and Girard Turbines at Alching "; vol.
The method which he followed was that introduced by his contemporary Girard Desargues, viz.
For the trustees of what in 1848 was to become Girard College, but had not yet been opened, he spent the years 1836-1838 in Europe, in order to e::amine their systems of education, and on his return published a very valuable report.
Girard, E tudes sur la poesie grecque (1884); Kaibel in PaulyWissowa's Realencyclopddie, according to whom Epicharmus was a Siceliot; for the papyrus fragment, Blass in Jahrbiicher fur Philologie, cxxxix., 1889.
The epicycloid was so named by Ole Romer in 1674, who also demonstrated that cog-wheels having epicycloidal teeth revolved with minimum friction (see Mechanics: Applied); this was also proved by Girard Desargues, Philippe de la Hire and Charles Stephen Louis Camus.
P. Mahaffy, Old Greek Education (1881); P. Girard, L'Education athenienne au V e et I V e siecle avant J.-C. (2nd ed., 1891), and article in Daremberg and Saglio's Dictionnaire des antiquitis which contains further bibliographical references; G.