To the north as far as the rocky point of St Gildas, sheltering the mouth of~he Loire, the shore, often occupied by salt marshes (marshes of Poitou and Brittany), is low-lying and hollowed by deep bays sheltered by large islands, those of Olron and Re lying opposite the ports of Rochefort and La Rochelle, while Noirmoutier closes the Bay of Bourgneuf.
GILDAS, or Gildus (c. 516-570), the earliest of British historians (see Celt: Literature, " Welsh"), surnamed by some Sapiens, and by others Badonicus, seems to have been born in the year 516.
Two short treatises exist, purporting to be lives of Gildas, and ascribed respectively to the 11th and 12th centuries; but the writers of both are believed to have confounded two, if not more, persons that had borne the name.
The writings of Gildas have come down to us under the title of Gildae Sapientis de excidio Britanniae liber querulus.
Unfortunately, on almost every point on which he touches, the statements of Gildas are vague and obscure.
The text of Gildas founded on Gale's edition collated with two other MSS., with elaborate introductions, is included in the Monumenta historica Britannica, edited by Petrie and Sharpe (London, 1848).
An identical rite existed among the 12th century Cathars, and in the Celtic church of Gildas every presbyter was a Peter.
The author's name is unknown; but he is, after Gildas, our earliest authority for the facts of the English conquest of England.
The chief authorities whom Nennius followed were Gildas' De excidio Britonum, Eusebius, the Vita Patricii of Murichu Maccu Machtheni, the Collectanea of Tirechan, the Liber occupationis (an Irish work on the settlement of Ireland), the Liber de sex aetatibus mundi, the chronicle of Prosper of Aquitaine, the Liber beati Germani.
During his early years the Irish Church was reformed by Gildas and Finian of Clonard, and numerous monasteries were founded which made Ireland renowned as a centre of learning.
A decline in grammatical learning is exemplified in the three Latin historians of the 6th century, Jordanes, Gildas and Gregory of Tours (d.
The principal buildings are the church of St Esprit (13th century) now secularized; the Renaissance church of St Gildas; the town-hall (18th century); and, at a short distance from the town, the Carthusian monastery, now a deaf and dumb institute, on the site of the battle of 1364, at which Charles of Blois was defeated by John of Montfort (see Brittany: History).
According to Gildas it was for protection against these incursions that the Britons decided to call in the Saxons.
According to Gildas this event was followed by a period of peace for at least forty-four years.
- Gildas states that in the time of the Romans Britain contained twenty-eight cities (civitates), besides a number of fortresses (castella).
(See TEUTONIC PEOPLES, §6.) The chief primary authorities are Gildas, De Excidio Britanniae, and Nennius, Historia Britonum (ed.
Gildas, writing in the 6th century, speaks of the twentyeight cities of the Britons.
This tradition - which is given only as such by Malmesbury himself - is not confirmed, and there is no mention of it in either Gildas or Bede.
Upon the return of new dangers, or at least of fears, Abelard left the Paraclete to make trial of another refuge, accepting an invitation to preside over the abbey of St Gildas-de-Rhuys, on the far-off shore of Lower Brittany.
Living on for some time apart (we do not know exactly where), after his flight from St Gildas, Abelard wrote, among other things, his famous Historia Calamitatum, and thus moved her to pen her first Letter, which remains an unsurpassed utterance of human passion and womanly devotion; the first being followed by the two other Letters, in which she finally accepted the part of resignation which, now as a brother to a sister, Abelard commended to her.
AMBROSIUS AURELIANUS, leader of the Britons against the Saxons in the 5th century, was, according to the legends preserved in Gildas and the Historia Brittonum, of Roman extraction.
ï¿½ 31; Gildas, De excidio Brittarum, ï¿½ 25; J.