1 Guinea may, however, be derived from Ghana (or Ghanata) the name of the oldest known state in the western Sudan.
Ghana dates, according to some authorities, from the 3rd century A.D.
Ghana was finally conquered by the Mandingo kings of Melle in the 13th century.
Its capital, also called Ghana, was west of the Niger, and is generally placed some zoo m.
By some writers Ghana city is, however, identified with Walata, which town is mentioned by Arab historians as the capital of Ghanata.
The identification of Ghana city with Jenne is not justified, though Idrisi seems to be describing Jenne when writing of "Ghana the Great."
The country appears to have formed part, successively, of the states of Ghana, Melle and Songhoi.