1 Guinea may, however, be derived from Ghana (or Ghanata) the name of the oldest known state in the western Sudan.
Ghana dates, according to some authorities, from the 3rd century A.D.
Large states arose in the western Sudan; Ghana flourished in the 7th century A.D., Melle in the IIth, Songhai in the 14th, and Bornu in the 16th.
Ghana was finally conquered by the Mandingo kings of Melle in the 13th century.
The country appears to have formed part, successively, of the states of Ghana, Melle and Songhoi.
Its capital, also called Ghana, was west of the Niger, and is generally placed some zoo m.
By some writers Ghana city is, however, identified with Walata, which town is mentioned by Arab historians as the capital of Ghanata.