COLOMAN (1070-1116), king of Hungary, was the son of King Geza of Hungary by a Greek concubine.
Alarmed at the sudden revival of the Eastern Empire, which under the Macedonian dynasty extended once more to the Danube, and thus became the immediate neighbour of Hungary, Duke Geza, who succeeded Taksony in 972, shrewdly resolved to accept Christianity from the more distant and therefore less dangerous emperor of the West.
At Quedlinburg in 973, and in 975 Geza and his whole family were baptized.
The nation at large was resolutely pagan, and Geza, for his own sake, was obliged to act warily.
Geza, in short, regarded the whole matter from a statesman's point of view, and was content to leave the solution to time and his successor.
By these men Hungary was divided into dioceses, with a metropolitan see at Esztergom (Gran), a city originally founded by Geza, but richly embellished by Stephen, whose Italian architects built for him there the first Hungarian cathedral dedicated to St Adalbert.
The political independence of Hungary was ultimately secured by the outbreak of the quarrel about investiture (1076), when L Geza I.
(see Podhradczky, 7 Bela kirdly nevtelen jegyzoje, Buda, 1861, p. 48), which describes the early ages of See Count Geza Kuun's " Lettere Ungheresi," La Rivista Europea, anno vi., vol.
The poems of Count Geza Zichy and Victor Dalmady, those of the latter published at Budapest in 1876, are mostly written on subjects, of a domestic nature, but are conceived in a patriotic spirit.
Among successful dramatic pieces may be mentioned the Falu rossza (Village Scamp) of Edward Toth (1875), which represents the life of the Hungarian peasantry, and shows both poetic sentiment and dramatic skill; A szerelem harcza (Combat of Love), by Count Geza Zichy; Iskdriot (1876) and the prize tragedy Tamora (1879), by Anthony Varady; Janus (1877), by Gregory Csiky; and the dramatized romance Szep Mikhal (Handsome Michal), by Maurus Jokai (1877).
Count Geza Zichy (b.
1853); among the juniors, Anton Rack, (also an excellent translator), Louis Palagyi (Magdnyos u'ton, " On Lonely Way," &c.), Geza Gardonyi (b.
Schunwald, &c.); Geza Gardonyi (several novels containing the adventures, observations, &c., of Mr Gabriel Gore; A kekszemii Davidkdne, " Blue-eyed Mrs Davidka "; A Kdtsa, scenes from gipsy life); Charles Murai (Vig tortenetek, " Jolly Stories "; Bandi, a collection of short tales); Stephen Barsony (Csend, " Silence "; A Kameleon-ledny, " The Chamaeleon Girl, and other Stories "; Erd3n-mez5n, " In Wood and Field ").
Ecsery, Geza Ferdinandy (historical and systematic politics), Arpad Zigany, Bela Foldes (political economy), Julius Mandello (political economy), Alexander Matlekovics (Hungary's administrative service; Allamhdztartds, 3 vols.), J.
Kuzsinszky, Geza Nagy, H.
Fraknoi, Arpad Karolyi, David Angyal, Coloman Thaly, Geza Ballagi.
1196), king of Hungary, was the second son of King Geza II.
Subsequently, however, he married the handsome and promising youth to Agnes of Chatillon, duchess of Antioch, and in 1173 placed him, by force of arms, on the Hungarian throne, first expelling Bela's younger brother Geza, who was supported by the Catholic party.
The Szeklers are of disputed origin, but closely akin to the Magyars (see Szeklers) The Saxons are the posterity of the German immigrants brought by King Geza II.
As mentioned above, King Geza introduced German colonists, who founded Nagy-Szeben (Hermannstadt), and in 1211 King Andreas II.
STEPHEN [ST STEPHEN]] (977-1038), king of Hungary, was the son of Geza, duke of Hungary, and of Sarolta, one of the few Magyar Christian ladies, who obtained the best teachers for her infant son.