The whole subject is exhaustively treated by Father Joseph Braun in Die liturgische Gewandung (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1907).
The papal bulls granting the use of mitres before the nth century are all forgeries (Liturgische Gewandung, 431-448).
Father Braun (Liturgische Gewandung, p. 457) gives a picture of a seal of Charles IV.
Braun and reproduced from his Liturgische Gewandung by permission of B.
Braun, S.J., Die liturgische Gewandung (Freiburg-imBreisgau, 1907), pp. 4 2 4-49 8.
" Almucia"; Joseph Braun, Die liturgische Gewandung, p. 359, &c. (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1907); also the bibliography to the article Vestments.
Gewandung, pp. 676-700.
From Braun's Liturgische Gewandung, by permission of B.
Gewandung, p. Ioo) they were originally merely the ornamental cuffs (Acopia) of the episcopal sticharion, which were detached for purposes of convenience.
Gewandung, p. 760, &c.).
Gewandung in der Englischen Staatskirche) endorses this opinion.
The vestment was a monument of careful and painstaking research, profusely illustrated.
(Redrawn from Braun's Liturgische Gewandung.) FIG.
Sometimes the back of the chasuble has no cross, but only a vertical orphrey, and in this case the front, besides the vertical stripe, has a horizontal orphrey just below c d From Braun's Liturgische Gewandung, by permission of the publisher, B.
Braun, S.J., Die liturgische Gewandung (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1907), pp. 1 492 47, and the bibliography to the article VESTMENTS.
Gewandung, p. 250) thinks that it was probably in use by the popes themselves so early as the 3rd century, since St Cyprian (d.
Braun (in Die liturgische Gewandung), by permission of B.
See Joseph Braun, S.J., Die liturgische Gewandung (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1907), pp. 2 47-3 0 5.
J., Die liturgische Gewandung, pp. 21-56 (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1907), and bibliography to the article Vestments.