However, the duties of archchancellor for Italy were generally discharged by deputy, and after the virtual separation of Italy and Germany, the title alone was retained by the elector.
The Wittelsbachs gave three kings to Germany, Louis IV.,' Rupert and Charles VII.
He attacked the Venetians, but finding the war unpopular with the trading cities of southern Germany, made a truce with the republic for three years.
The theory was that all the imperial business in Germany was supervised by the elector of Mainz, and for Italy by the elector of Cologne.
While Piero found refuge at Venice and Urbino, Cardinal Giovanni travelled in Germany, in the Netherlands and in France.
Soon after he was engaged on an important embassy to Germany, the result of which was the treaty of Ulm, signed July 1620.
In Germany the concessions made to the pope and the reservations maintained by him in the matter of taxes and benefices were deemed excessive, and the prolonged discontent which resulted was one of the causes of the success of the Lutheran Reformation.
In particular the remarkable frontier lines which bounded the Roman provinces of Upper (southern) Germany and Raetia, and which at their greatest development stretched from near Bonn on the Rhine to near Regensburg on the Danube, are often called the Limes Germanicus.
On his way to Germany after Sedan slept one night in the little town, which is a convenient centre for visiting that battlefield.
RUHR, a river of Germany, an important right-bank tributary of the lower Rhine.
In the negotiations which followed, it was arranged that the bay and the land on both sides of the entrance within certain defined lines should be leased to Germany for 99 years.
Louis accompanied the Crusaders to Damietta in 1221, and governed Germany as regent from 1225 until 1228, when he deserted Frederick II.
Went to Italy in 1251, Otto remained as his representative in Germany, until his death on the 29th of November 12 53.
Louis, who soon became the most powerful prince in southern Germany, was called "the Stern," because in a fit of jealousy he caused his first wife, Maria of Brabant, to be executed in '256.
The Trias does not belong, as might have been expected, to the Alpine or Mediterranean type; but resembles that of Germany and northern Europe.
SCHWEIDNITZ, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Silesia, picturesquely situated on the left bank of the Weistritz, 28 m.
Papers by him have appeared in the mathematical journals of Italy, France, Germany and England, and he has published several important works, many of which have been translated into other languages.
On his return to Germany he made peace with France at Frankfort in July 1489, and in October several of the states of the Netherlands recognized him as their ruler and as guardian of his son.
In 1500 the diet had divided Germany into six circles, for the maintenance of peace, to which the emperor at the diet of Cologne in 1512 added four others.
For absurd and impracticable schemes in Italy and elsewhere he neglected Germany, and sought to involve its princes in wars undertaken solely for private aggrandizement or personal jealousy.
Ignoring his responsibilities as ruler of Germany, he only considered the question of its government when in need of money and support from the princes.
The ordinary domesticated cats of Europe are, however, mainly of African origin, although they have largely crossed, especially in Germany (and probably also in Great Britain), with the wild cat.
Its geographical range was formerly very extensive, and included Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, Bohemia, Hungary, Poland, Transylvania, Galicia, the Caucasus as far as the Caspian, southern Russia, Italy, Spain, Greece, Rumania, Bulgaria, Servia, and portions of central and northern Asia.
In the universities of the Netherlands and of lower Germany, as yet free from the conservatism of the old-established seats of learning, the new system gained an easy victory over Aristotelianism, and, as it was adapted for lectures and examinations, soon became almost as scholastic as the doctrines it had supplanted.
My next step will probably be to fix up the Germany issue, although this will be complicated.
Germany viewed the Russian mobilization as an act of war and therefore declared war on Russia.
STUTTGART, a city of Germany, capital of the kingdom of Wurttemberg.
Stuttgart is the centre of the publishing trade of south Germany, and it has busy industries in everything connected with the production of books.
That Leo did not do more to check the tendency toward heresy and schism in Germany and Scandinavia is to be partially explained by the political complications of the time, and by his own preoccupation with schemes of papal and Medicean aggrandizement in Italy.
If there can be a USA, a Germany, and a Japan, then every country can be rich.
Germany, an ally of Austria-Hungary, was obligated by treaty to defend it.
In Germany a few Cartesian lecturers taught at Leipzig and Halle, but the system took no root, any more than in Switzerland, where it had a brief reign at Geneva after 1669.
Thionville), a fortified town of Germany, in Alsace-Lorraine, dist.
His chief philosophical importance consists in the fact that he was a leader in the attempt to revivify French philosophy by the new thought of Germany, to which he had been introduced by Cousin, but of which he never had more than a second-hand knowledge.
At the same time in Germany, Robert Koch identified the bacteria that caused tuberculosis and the one that caused cholera.
Germany and Switzerland fell from thirty-seven in the 1300s to about one today.
A year of fruitless negotiation followed, during which the pamphlets of the reformer set all Germany' on fire.
Cleve or Kleve), a town of Germany in the kingdom of Prussia, formerly the capital of the duchy of its own name, 46 m.
It stands at the head of the effective navigation on the Rhine, and is not only the largest port on the upper course of that stream, but is the principal emporium for south Germany for such commodities as cereals, coal, petroleum, timber, sugar and tobacco, with a large trade in hops, wine and other south German produce.
Innocent, like his predecessor, hated heresy, and in the bull Summis desiderantes (5th of December 1484) he instigated very severe measures against magicians and witches in Germany; he prohibited (1486) on pain of excommunication the reading of the propositions of Pico della Mirandola; he appointed (1487) T.
Otto Pfleiderer, Development of Theology in Germany since Kant (1890).
ADOLPHUS WILLIAM WARD (1837-), English historian and man of letters, was born at Hampstead, London, on the 2nd of December 1837, and was educated in Germany and at the university of Cambridge.
WEISSENFELS, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Saxony, situated on the Saale 20 m.
The figures for Germany-representing four out of six divisions of that country-are remarkable.
During the continuance of the lease Germany exercises all the rights of territorial sovereignty, including the right to erect fortifications.
When Conradin was executed in 1268 Louis inherited his lands in Germany, sharing them with his brother Henry.
In the spring of 1848 he was in Germany, and on the outbreak of the revolutionary troubles he accepted the invitation of the government of Baden to take the command against the insurgent "free companies" (Freischaaren).
The German tutor was trying to remember all the dishes, wines, and kinds of dessert, in order to send a full description of the dinner to his people in Germany; and he felt greatly offended when the butler with a bottle wrapped in a napkin passed him by.
The disorder in Germany after the fall of the Hohenstaufen afforded an opportunity for Rudolph to increase his possessions.
The lengthy discussions on ecclesiastical benefices in Germany ended finally in the concordat of Vienna, promulgated by Nicholas V.
In World War II, the United States went to war with Germany, Italy, and Japan, a trio of undemocratic countries.
It is one of the largest buildings of the kind in Germany, covering an area of 15 acres, and having a frontage of about 600 yards.
Are again per for Germany, due to O.