Includes Georgians, Mingrelians, Imeretians, Lazes and Svanetians.
The population is about 6000, comprising descendants of some Georgians introduced by Shah Abbas I.
This conjoint valley of the Rion-Kura was in remote antiquity the site of several Greek colonial settlements, later the seat of successive kingdoms of the Georgians, and for centuries it has formed a bulwark against hostile invasions from the south and east.
It is still inhabited chiefly by Georgian tribesGurians, Imeretians, Mingrelians, Svanetians - in the basin of the Rion, and by Georgians intermingled with Armenians in the valley of the Kura, while the steppes that stretch away from the lower course of the latter river are ranged over by Turko-Tatars.
Religion.-Most of the Russians and the Georgians belong to the Orthodox Greek Church (over 4,000,000 in all); but considerable numbers (estimated at nearly 122,000, though in reality probably a good many more) are Nonconformists of different denominations.
At that period the Georgians were divided into various petty principalities, the chief of which were Imeretia and Georgia (Kharthlia), owing at times a more or less shadowy allegiance to the sultan of the Ottoman Turks at Constantinople.
Among prominent public buildings are the State Capitol (completed 1889), containing a law library of about 65,000 volumes and a collection of portraits of famous Georgians, the north-west front of the Capitol grounds containing an equestrian statue (unveiled in 1907) of John Brown Gordon (1832-1904), a distinguished Confederate general in the American Civil War and governor of Georgia in 1887-1890; the court house; the Carnegie library, in which the young men's library, organized in 1867, was merged in 1902; the post office building; and the Federal prison (about 4 m.
He also trained Georgians in the art of printing, and cut the type with which under his pupil Mihail Ishtvanovitch they printed the first Georgian Gospels (Tiflis, 170 9).
The origin of the Khazars has been much disputed, and they have been variously regarded as akin to the Georgians, Finno-Ugrians and Turks.
The Arab geographers who knew the Khazars best connect them either with the Georgians (Ibn Athir) or with the Armenians (Dimishqi, ed.
It was taken eighteen years later by the Seljuk Turks, five times by the Georgians between 1125 and 1209, in 1239 by the Mongols, and its ruin was completed by an earthquake in 1319.
But, marching thence against the Georgians, Suleiman's troops suffered a terrible defeat.
On account of these conflicts a majority of Georgians adopted the principles of the Democratic-Republican party, and early in the 19th century the people were virtually unanimous in their political ideas.
AAca AEovrapca), founded by the Servian prince Stephen Nemanya (1159-1195) Iveron (7) tovrt Twv 'I(31)pwv), founded by Iberians, or Georgians; Esphigmenu (Tou 'Er4nyp. vov: the name is derived from the confined situation of the monastery); Kutlumush (KovrXov,uoi)n); Pandocratoros (Tou IIav-roeparopos); Philotheu (licXoKov); Caracallu (Tou KapatXAov); St Paul (Toil ayiov IlauXov); St Denis (Tou fiyiov OcovvoLov); St Gregory (Tou ayiou Fpnyopcov); Simopetra (It / 267E7pa); Xeropotamu (Toil flp07rorfiµov); St Xenophon (Tou aylou ZEv04wvTos); Dochiariu (AoXECapelov); Constamoni to (Kwv6Ta povirov); Zographu (Tou Zwypit4)ov); and Stavronikitu (Tou ITavpovtKLTov, the last built, founded in 1545).
The Armenians must, like the Georgians a little later, have set store by the opinion of the bishop of Jerusalem, or they would not have sent to consult him.
In 1640 it was destroyed by the Imeretians (Georgians), but it was restored and enlarged.
There are many large colonies of Circassians and smaller ones of Noghai (Nogais), Tatars, Georgians, Lazis, Cossacks, Albanians and Pomaks.
It is said that his reputation for sanctity attracted the attention of Timur, who sought him out in his abode, and was so charmed by the visit that he released, at the holy mans request, a number of captives of Turkish origin, or Georgians, taken in the wars with Bayezid.
A petition was presented to the emperor by the Georgians in 1904 asking for the restoration of their church and their language, but nothing came of it.