"WARREN GAMALIEL HARDING (1865-), 29th President of the United States, was born at Corsica (then Blooming Grove), Morrow co., Ohio, Nov.
GAMALIEL (SK'), This name, which in Old Testament times figures only as that of a prince of the tribe of Manasseh (vide Num.
Gamaliel I., a grandson of Hillel, and like him designated Ha-Zagen (the Elder), by which is apparently indicated that he was numbered among the Sanhedrin, the high council of Jerusalem.
According to the tradition of the schools of Palestine Gamaliel succeeded his grandfather and his father (of the latter nothing is known but his name, Simeon) as Nasi, or president of the Sanhedrin.
Even if this tradition does not correspond with historic fact, it is at any rate certain that Gamaliel took a leading position in the Sanhedrin, and enjoyed the highest repute as an authority on the subject of knowledge of the Law and in the interpretation of the Scriptures.
His function as a teacher is proved by the fact that the Apostle Paul boasts of having sat at the feet of Gamaliel (Acts.
His renown in later days is summed up in the words (Mishna, end of Sotah): "When Rabban Gamaliel the Elder died, regard for the Torah (the study of the Law) ceased, and purity and piety died."
As Gamaliel I.
2., Gamaliel Ii., the son of Simon ben Gamaliel, one of Jerusalem's foremost men in the war against the Romans (vide Josephus, Bellum Jud.
3, 9, Vita 38), and grandson of Gamaliel I.
To distinguish him from the latter he is also called Gamaliel of Jabneh.
The impression made by the capital of the world upon Gamaliel and his companions was an overpowering one, and they wept when they thought of Jerusalem in ruins.
In Rome, as at home, Gamaliel often had occasion to defend Judaism in polemical discussions with pagans, and also with professed Christians.
In an anecdote regarding a suit which Gamaliel was prosecuting before a Christian judge, a converted Jew, he appeals to the Gospel and to the words of Jesus in Matt.
Gamaliel devoted special attention to the regulation of the rite of prayer, which after the cessation of sacrificial worship had become all-important.
Gamaliel died before the insurrections under Trajan had brought fresh unrest into Palestine.
Gamaliel himself had given directions that his body was to be wrapped in the simplest possible shroud.
GAMALIEL III., son of Jehuda I.
Gamaliel Iv., grandson of the above, patriarch in the latter half of the 3rd century: about him very little is known.
Gamaliel V., son and successor of the patriarch Hillel II.: beyond his name nothing is known of him.
He is the patriarch Gamaliel whom Jerome mentions in his letter to Pamachius, written in 393.
GAMALIEL VI., grandson of the above, the last of the patriarchs, died in 425.
Hence there is no need to reject the tradition as to the existence of a written Targum on Job in the time of Gamaliel I.
Simon ben Gamaliel forbade the translation of the Pentateuch in any language but Greek; and this command was upheld by R.
Ad loc.) The Apostle Paul, once a disciple of the famous Rabbi Gamaliel, uses in i Cor.
The opposition between Shammai and Hillel was perpetuated by their respective schools, till, under Gamaliel II., the strife was decided at Jabneh in favour of the school of Hillel.
His descendants remained, with few exceptions, at the head of Judaism in Palestine until the beginning of the 5th century, two of them, his grandson Gamaliel I.
It would appear that in the time of Gamaliel 1 International Critical Commentary, " Psalms," Intro.
Patriarchs, p. 117), and does not differ essentially from the saying ascribed to Gamaliel II.
1 Among the best known representatives of the schools are Rabban (a title given to Hillel's descendants) Gamaliel, the Phil-Hellene and teacher of the apostle Paul (Acts xxii.
A little later (about 90-130 A.D.) are the famous Gamaliel II., Eliezer b.
At Jamnia, under the presidency of Gamaliel II.
Judah, grandson of Gamaliel II., known as the Prince or Patriarch (nasi), as Rabbenu (" our teacher "), or simply as " Rabbi " par excellence, was the editor.
Warren Gamaliel Harding >>
Gamaliel I., the grandson of Hillel, was the first to whose name the appellation Rabban (the same as rabbon, and also pronounced as ribbon, cf.
This title, a higher distinction than that of rabbi, is in tradition borne only by the descendants of Gamaliel I., the last being Gamaliel III., the son of Jehuda I.