In 1833, when, in default of male heirs, his brother Don Carlos claimed the throne, confirmed the Basque fueros, and raised the standard of revolt against his niece, Isabel II.
It was ended by the Convenio de Vergara (August 31st, 1839) in which the concession and modification of the fueros was demanded.
The best works on the various editions of the fueros are Historia de la Legislation.
Marichalar, Marques de Montesa,and Cayetano Manrique; Fueros de Navarra Vizcaya, Guipuzcoa y Alava (Madrid, 2nd ed., 1868); and the Noticia de las cosas memorables de Guipuzcoa, by D.
Having been bred in Castile, where the royal authority was, at least in theory, absolute, he showed himself impatient under the checks imposed on him by the fueros, the chartered rights of Aragon and Catalonia.
Among the later fueros of the 11th century, the most important are those of Jaca (1064) and of Logrono (1095).
Latterly the word fuero came to be used in Castile in a wider sense than before, as meaning a general code of laws; thus about the time of Saint Ferdinand the old Lex Visigothorum, then translated for the first time into the vernacular, was called the Fuero Juzgo, a name which was soon retranslated into the barbarous Latin of the period as Forum Judicum; 4 and among the compilations of Alphonso the Learned in like manner were an Espejo de Fueros and also the Fuero de las leyes, better known perhaps as the Fuero Real.
Each of the provinces mentioned had distinct sets of fueros, codified at different periods, and varying considerably as to details; the main features, however, were the same in all.
The result was a civil war, which terminated in a renewed acknowledgment of the fueros by Isabel II.
In consequence, however, of the Carlist rising of 1873-1876, the Basque fueros were finally extinguished in 1876.
The history of the Foraes of the Portuguese towns, and of the Fors du Beam, is precisely analogous to that of the fueros of Castile.
At this juncture he succeeded in making his escape from prison in Castile into Aragon, where, under the ancient " fueros " of the kingdom he could claim a public trial in open court, and so bring into requisition the documentary evidence he possessed of the king's complicity in the deed.
" fueros " altogether (1591).
The kings therefore extended special privileges (fueros) to the inhabitants, and they were even at an early date admitted to representation in the Cortes (parliament).