Of Freetown, Sierra Leone.
FREETOWN, capital of the British colony of Sierra Leone, West Africa, on the south side of the Sierra Leone estuary, about 5 m.
Freetown is picturesquely situated on a plain, closed in behind by a succession of wooded hills, the Sierra Leone, rising to a height of 1700 ft.
Freetown was the first place in British West Africa granted local self-government.
Both commercially and strategically Freetown is a place of importance.
Of Freetown), and opened in 1828 with six pupils, one of whom was Bishop Crowther, was affiliated in 1876 to Durham University and has a high-class curriculum.
The Moslems, who are among the most law-abiding and intelligent citizens of Freetown, have several state-aided primary schools.
During the administration of Noel Ballay (1848-1902), governor of the colony 1890-1900, Konakry was transformed from a place of small importance to one of the chief ports on the west coast of Africa and a serious rival to Freetown, Sierra Leone.
- Besides Freetown (q.v.) the capital (pop., Igor, 34,463), the most important towns are Bonthe, the port of Sherbro, Port Lokko, at the head of the navigable waters of a stream emptying itself into the Sierra Leone estuary, and Songo Town, 30 m.
Of Freetown, with which it is connected by railway.
Of Freetown on the Fala river, a tributary of the Little Scarcies.
From Freetown are Rotifunk, Mano, and Bo, towns which have increased greatly in importance since the building of the railway.
From Freetown through the fertile districts of Mendiland 'to the Liberian frontier.
Steamers run at regular intervals between Freetown and Liverpool, Hamburg, Havre and Marseilles.
Freetown is the headquarters of the British army in West Africa, and a force of infantry, engineers and artillery is maintained there.
In 1794 the settlement, which had been again transferred to its original site and named Freetown, was plundered by the French.
The slave trade having in the same year been declared illegal by the British parliament, slaves captured by British vessels in the neighbouring seas were brought to Freetown, and thus the population of the colony grew.
Colonel Denham, after administering the colony for five weeks, died at Freetown of fever on the 9th of June 1828.
In 1866 Freetown was made the capital of the new general government set up for the British settlements on the West Coast of Africa (comprising Sierra Leone, Gambia, the Gold Coast and Lagos, each of which was to have a legislative council).
A Blue Book on the affairs of the colony is published yearly at Freetown and an Annual Report by the Colonial Office in London.