JOHANN GEORG ADAM FORSTER (1754-1794), German traveller and author, was born at Nassenhuben, a small village near Danzig, on the 2 7th of November 1754.
His father, Johann Reinhold Forster, a man of great scientific attainments but an intractable temper, was at that time pastor of the place; the family are said to have been of Scottish extraction.
The publication of this work was, however, impeded for some time by differences with the admiralty, during which Forster proceeded to the continent to obtain an appointment for his father as professor at Cassel, and found to his surprise that it was conferred upon himself.
The elder Forster, however, was soon provided for elsewhere, being appointed professor of natural history at Halle.
Seized Mainx, and Forster - already disheartened by the turn of events in France - was cut off from all return.
Forster in Mainz (Gotha, 1863); A.
Forster (Vorlesung) (Halle, 1893).
Stansfeld was vigorously defended by Bright and Forster, and his explanation was accepted as quite satisfactory by Palmerston.
Arnold-Forster, Studies in Church Dedications or England's Patron Saints, i.
Forster, Der Raub and die Riickkehr der Persephone (1874), in which considerable space is devoted to the representations of the myth in art; W.
Of still wider interest are the accounts of Cook's three famous voyages, though unhappily much of the information gained by the naturalists who accompanied him on one or more of them seems to be irretrievably lost: the original observations of the elder Forster were not printed till 1844, and the valuable collection of zoological drawings made by the younger Forster still remains unpublished in the British Museum.
Forster published a Catalogue of the Animals of North America in London in 1771, and the following year described in the Philosophical Transactions a few birds from Hudson Bay.
Forster, Iphigenie (1898); H.
Arnold-Forster, Studies in Church Dedications, or England's Patron Saints, ii.
His biography, by his sister, Elisabeth Forster-Nietzsche (Das Leben Friedrich Nietzsches, 1895 ff.), reached its third volume in 1907.
The King's Own was a vast improvement, in point of construction, upon Frank Mildmay; and he went on, through a quick succession of tales, Newton Forster (1832), Peter Simple (1834), Jacob Faithful (1834), The Pacha of Many Tales (1835), Japhet in Search of a Father (1836), Mr Midshipman Easy (1836), The Pirate and the Three Cutters (1836), till he reached his highwater mark of constructive skill in Snarley-yow, or the Dog Fiend (1837).
Forster in Papers of American School at Athens, i.
Stanley Gardiner and C. Forster Cooper carried out an expedition to the Maldives and Laccadives, for the important results of which see The Fauna and Geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes, ed.
In addition to the principal authorities already mentioned see John Forster, Historical and Biographical Essays (1858); G.
A collection of unprinted Garrick letters is in the Forster library at South Kensington.
Deutschen evangelischen Landeskirchen (Tubingen, 1902); Erich Forster, Die Enstehung der preussischen Landeskirchen unter der Regierung Konig Friedrich Wilhelms III., i.
Forster (London, 1780); and in French,.
Forster in 1887, which undertakes researches with reference to physics and mechanics, particularly as applied to technical industries.
Arnold-Forster, The Coming of the Kilogram, 1898), as the foot, palm, hand, digit, nail, pace, ell (ulna), &c. It seems probable, therefore, that a royal cubit may have been derived from some kingly stature, and its length perpetuated in the ancient buildings of Egypt, as the Great Pyramid, &c.
Forster, Johann Kepler and die Harmonie der Sphdren (Berlin, 1862); R.
With infinite exertion he succeeded in obtaining from government a promise of 20,000, and after four years spent in preparation, sailed in September 1728, accompanied by some friends and by his wife, daughter of Judge Forster, whom he had married in the preceding month.
Forster, Die Hofe and Kabinette Europas im achtzehnten Jahrhundert (Potsdam, 1839); Jarochowski, History of Augustus II.
Arnold-Forster war minister, Lord Stanley postmaster-general and Mr Graham Murray secretary for Scotland.
Minor changes were made in the ministry in 1903, Mr Brodrick going to the India office and Mr Arnold-Forster becoming minister for war; but Mr Balfour's personal influence remained potent, the government held together, and in 1904 the Licensing Bill was successfully carried.
Forster (London, 1883); and Life and Times of James the First the Conqueror, by F.
Forster, in Jahrbuch of Berlin Arch.
Thus it is pointed out that Cook's estimate of 240,000 for the Society Archipelago (Tahiti) was at the time reduced by his associate, Forster, to 150,000, so that the 300,000 credited by him to the Sandwich Islands should also be heavily discounted.
The evidence concerning Eustace is collected by Herren Wendelin Forster and Johann Trost, in their edition of the French poem "Wistasse le moine" (Halle, 1891).
Forster, with notes by Don Pascual de Gayangos, was published in London in 1883.
The following story, told by Forster,2 and varied by a later writer, is characteristic. A party of Russians having obtained permission to build a counting-house at Ashraf, i Markham.
Forster was travelling homeward by the southern shores of the Caspian in January I784, and from him we gather many interesting details of the locality and period.
The arguments against the marriage were first marshalled by Monck Mason in his History of St Patrick's, and the conjecture, though plausible, has failed to convince Forster, Stephen, Aitken, Hill, Lane Poole and Churton Collins.
Sheridan brought out the complete Journal in 1784 in a mangled form, but the text has as far as possible been restored by modern editors such as Forster, Rylands and Aitken.
A new epoch of investigation was inaugurated by John Forster, who began a new scrutiny of the accumulated material and published his first volume in 1875.
WILLIAM EDWARD FORSTER (1818-1886), British statesman, was born of Quaker parents at Bradpole in Dorsetshire on the 11th of July 1818.
Forster thereafter ranked himself as a member of the Church of England, for which, indeed, he was in later life charged with having too great a partiality.
Arnold-Forster (1855-1909), the well-known Liberal-Unionist member of parliament, who eventually became a member of Mr Balfour's cabinet; he was secretary to the admiralty (1900-1903), and then secretary of state for war (1903-1905), and was the author of numerous educational books published by Cassell & Co., of which firm he was a director.
Forster gradually began to take an active part in public affairs by speaking and lecturing.
Mr Forster and Mr Cardwell, as private members in opposition, brought in Education Bills in 1867 and 1868; and in 1868, when the Liberal party returned to office, Mr Forster was appointed vice-president of the council, with the duty of preparing a government measure for national education.
Extremists on both sides abused Forster, but the government had a difficult set of circumstances to deal with, and he acted like a prudent statesman in contenting himself with what he could get.
The Irish party used every opportunity in and oul of parliament for resenting this act, and Forster was kept constantly on the move between Dublin and London, conducting his campaign against crime and anarchy and defending it in the House of Commons.
On the 2nd of May Mr Gladstone announced that the government intended to release Mr Parnell and his fellow-prisoners in Kilmainham, and that both Lord Cowper and Mr Forster had in consequence resigned; and the following Saturday Forster's successor, Lord Frederick Cavendish, was, with Mr Burke, murdered in Phoenix Park.
It was characteristic of the man that Forster at once offered to go back to Dublin temporarily as chief secretary, but the offer was declined.
When the Redistribution Act divided Bradford into three constituencies, Forster was returned for the central division, but he never took his seat in the new parliament.
Forster, like John Bright, was an excellent representative of the English middle-class in public life.
He was tall (the Yorkshiremen called him "Long Forster") and strongly though stiffly built, and, with his simple tastes and straightforward manners and methods, was a typical North-country figure.
It was Forster who, when appealing to the government at the time of Gordon's danger at Khartum, spoke of Mr Gladstone as able "to persuade most people of most things, and himself of almost anything," and though the phrase was much resented by Mr Gladstone's entourage, the truth that underlay it may be taken as representing the very converse of his own character.
Forster, by Sir T.
In the same year Forster, as vice-president of the council, succeeded in carrying the great measure which for the first time made education compulsory.
In devising his scheme, Forster endeavoured to utilize, as far as possible, the educational machinery which had been voluntarily provided by various religious organizations.
Supported by the bulk of the Conservative party, Forster EIement~
Outrages increased, obnoxious landlords and agents were boycotted the name of the first gentlelnan exposed to this treatment adding a new word to the language; and Forster, who had accepted the office of chief secretary, thought it necessary, in the presence of outrage and intimidation, to adopt stringent measures for enforcing order.