The story of Lohengrin as we know it is based on two principal motives common enough in folklore: the metamorphosis of human beings into swans, and the curious wife whose question brings disaster.
The native folklore and poetry of the Albanians can hardly compare with that of the neighbouring nations in originality and beauty.
Thus with the exception of a little folklore the literature of Indo-China, Tibet, Mongolia, Korea and Manchuria is mainly Indian or Chinese.
Less specialized in their functions are many of the figures of modern folklore, some of whom have perhaps replaced some ancient goddess, e.g.
In the folklore of European countries goblindom is peopled by gods and nature-spirits of an earlier heathendom.
The Riesengebirge is the legendary home of Number Nip (Ri bezahl), a halfmischievous, half-friendly goblin of German folklore, and various localities in the group are more or less directly associated with his name.
Of American Folklore, iv.
Kingsley, West African Studies (London, 1901), and Notes on the Folklore of the Fjort (London, 1898); W.
Dante refers to the shadowless spectre of Virgil, and the folklore of many European countries affords examples of the prevalence of the superstition that a man must be as careful of his shadow as of his body.
This personification of Death has had as a consequence the introduction into the folklore of many lands of stories, often humorous, of the tricks played on the Enemy of Mankind.
Thus Sisyphus fettered Death, keeping him prisoner till rescued by Ares; in Venetian folklore Beppo ties him up in a bag for eighteen months; while in Sicily an innkeeper corks him up in a bottle, and a monk keeps him in his pouch for forty years.
The same year and the next he contributed to Mr Walter Scott's "Camelot Series," edited by Ernest Rhys, Fairy and Folk Tales, a collection of Irish folklore, and Tales from Carleton, with original introductions.
Cool, With the Dutch in the East (Amsterdam and London, 1897), in Dutch and English, is a narrative of the events sketched above, and contains many particulars about the folklore and dual religions of Lombok, which, with Bali, forms the last stronghold of Hinduism east of Java.
Also the flying serpents of Israelitish folklore in Isa.
Gomme, Ethnology in Folklore , 71 sqq., 77 seq.).
Abbott, Macedonian Folklore, 261; cf.
" The festival is described (as seen in 1906) by Marian C. Harrison, Folklore, xviii.
One may also consult the English and foreign journals devoted to folklore, comparative religion or anthropology (especially the volumes of Folklore, Index, s.v.
Bib., " Jonah"; and his article "Jonah, a Study in Jewish Folklore and Religion," Theological Review (1817), pp. 211-219.
At the same time the folklore, Finnish and partly Swedish, has been worked out with wonderful completeness (see L'Ouvre demi-seculaire de la Societe de Litterature finnoise et le mouvement national finnois, by Dr E.
Krohn's report to the London Folklore Congress of 1891).
The groups of " Mothers " in modern India, of various origins, Crooke, Popular Religion and Folklore (2), i.
1831), p. 58; Lancashire Folklore (1867); Joseph Lucas, Studies in Nidderdale (Pateley Bridge, 1882).
Alecsandri (1852-1866), who, however, retained only their poetical beauty and did not reproduce them with that strict accuracy which modern study of folklore demands.
The only review devoted to the study of folklore is the Sazatoare, founded in 1892.