1860), the founder of an important sect of Filipino Independent Catholics.
In 1898-99, during the Filipino revolt, Malolos was the seat of the rebel government, but it was captured and reduced to desolation in March 1899.
In this he drew a masterly picture, not only of the life and immorality of the friars but also of the insolent Filipino chiefs or caciques, subservient to the powers above, tyrannical to those below, superstitious, unprogressive and grasping.
It has five churches (one of these is an independent Filipino church), and is the seat of a provincial high school.
The insular government also makes annual appropriations for the maintenance of Filipino students at educational institutions in the United States; in 1908 the number so provided for was 130.
The campaign of Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar, Graciano Lopez Jaena and Apolinario Mabini, the leaders in the " Young Filipino Party," was a protest against both the domination of the friars and economic and administrative caciquism.
In 1852 the Spanish Filipino Bank was established.
They were scattered among Soo towns, to teach 2500 Filipino teachers English and modern methods of school teaching.
Archivo de bibliofilo filipino (Madrid, 1895); J.
In this period a formidable native Filipino army had been organized and a provisional government created.
In August 1896 members of this association began an attack; and late in December the movement was reinforced as a result of the execution in Manila of Dr Jose Rizal y Mercado (1861-1896), a Filipino patriot.
During this period the Filipino army remained under arms. On the 4th of February hostilities broke out between the Americans and the Filipinos.
Much of the town was burned by Filipino insurgents soon after its capture by American troops in February 1899.
The smouldering Filipino revolt then broke out afresh and an American army under General Wesley Merritt (1836-) was sent from San Francisco to assist in capturing the city.
In 1910 there were more than 6000 Filipino teachers who were teaching English to more than 500,000 pupils.