The term fetish is commonly understood to mean the worship of or respect for material, inanimate objects, conceived as magically active from a virtue inherent in them, temporarily or permanently, which does not arise from the fact that a god or spirit is believed to reside in them or communicate virtue to them.
The guidance of Hans Richter has given us a sure bulwark against the misrepresentation of Wagner; and so there is hope that Wagner may yet be saved from such an oblivion in fetish-worship as has lost Handel to us for so long.
In the sense in which Dr Tylor uses the term the fetish is (1) a "god-house" or (2) a charm derived from a tutelary deity or spirit, and magically active in virtue of its association with such deity or spirit.
After making an offering the object is carried to an appropriate spot and a "fetish" tree set up as a shade for it, which is sacred so long as the bohsum remains beneath it.
We find such divine standards ~ often depicted on the earliest monuments, and among the symbols placed upon them may be detected the images of many deities destined to play an important part in the later national pantheon, such as the falcon Horus, the wolf Wepwawet (Ophois) ~ the goddess Neith, symbolized -~r~.by a shield transfixed with arrows, and the god Mm ~r, the nature of whose fetish is obscure.
Great quantities of votive figures and objects of cult, such as the fetish double axes and stone tables of offering, were found both above and below.
The bulk of the inhabitants are fetish worshippers.
It is only after a certain grade of culture has been attained that the belief in luck appears; the fetish is essentially a mascot or object carried for luck.
Thus we have no means of cral ertaining what the earliest people of Sais thought about their clof Ldess Neith, though her fetish would seem to point to her sev ~like nature.
In many cases the fetish spirit is believed to leave the "godhouse" and pass for the time being into the body of the priest, who manifests the phenomena of possession (q.v.).
Nothing was said about the eternally binding Covenant, which continued to be the fetish of the Cameronians and of later seceders.
Crucifixes are used as potent fetish charms or as symbols of power passing down from chief to chief; whilst every native has a "Santu" or Christian name and is dubbed dom or dona.
The Mandingo, the Fula and the Susu are Mahommedans, though the Susu retain many of their ancient rites and beliefs - those associated with spirit worship and fetish, still the religion of the Baga and other tribes.
Similar prohibitions are common in Africa, where fetish priests are often reduced to a diet of herbs and roots.
Threatening or beating a fetish cannot be brought under the head of magic, even if we adopt Frazer's principle (op. cit.
The epithet irEputcovcos, originally referring to an ivy-crowned, pillar-shaped fetish of the god, afterwards gave rise to the legend of a miraculous growth of ivy " round the pillars " of the royal palace, whereby the infant Dionysus was preserved from the flames.
The history of this heavenly stone, given by Gabriel to Abraham, does not conceal the fact that it was originally a fetish, the most venerated of a multitude of idols and sacred stones which stood all round the sanctuary in the time of Mahomet.
These fetish objects of worship were meteoric stones, which were dedicated to the gods or revered as symbols of the gods themselves (Pliny, Nat.
The spirit of the dead may tenant a material object, a " fetish," or may roam hungry and comfortless and need propitiation by food, for unpropitiated it is dangerous, or may be reincarnated, or may " go to its own herd " in another world.
As to the religion, it is enough to point to the traces of human sacrifice and to the worship of rude fetish stones.
Almost every temple had its fetish stone on a level with the pumice stone, which is the Poseidon of the Mangaians.
The inhabitants are partly Mahommedans, partly believers in fetish; comparatively few profess Christianity.
It was because they believed themselves to have living christs among them that the Paulicians rejected the fetish worship of a material cross, in which orthodox Armenian priests imagined they had by prayers and anointings confined the Spirit of Christ.
It is stated by the early chroniclers that the king of Ashanti was bound to maintain the "fetish" number of 3333 wives; many of these, however, were employed in menial services.
The fetish buildings at Bantama were burned, and on the 22nd of January Bokro, a village 5 m.
Farther south on the Congo the "fetish" is inhabited by human souls also.
All these tribes are fetish worshippers, though Christian and Moslem missionaries have made numerous converts.
The disturbances would appear to have arisen not so much from dislike of the house tax per se as irritation at the arbitrary manner in which it was collected, and from a desire on the part of the paramount chiefs (who chafed at the suppression of slave trading and slave raiding, and who disseminated a powerful fetish "swear," called "Poro," to compel the people to join) to cast off British rule.
Other trade products were from time to time - with the desire to preserve the isolation and independence of the country - placed under fetish, i.e.
A special form of this " baetylic " cult in Minoan Crete was the representation of the two principal divinities in their fetish form by double axes.
A remarkable shrine with fetish idols was also discovered.
The image or idol differs from the fetish, charm, talisman, phylactery or miraculous relic, only in this, that either in the flat or the round it resembles the power adored; it has a prototype capable of being brought before the eye and visualized.