The New Year and Whitsuntide Show fairs only arose during the 9th century.
All fairs and markets were sold with the manor to the inhabitants of the town.
Large markets and fairs are held for corn, hops, cattle and sheep; and the town contains some highly reputed ale breweries, besides paper mills and iron foundries.
Granted two fairs to his tenants and residents in the borough, to be held on the vigils, feasts and morrows of St Matthew and of SS.
These fairs have been held without interruption till the present day, their dates being October 2 and May 13.
Fairs are held on the 5th of April, 18th of July, 17th of November and 27th of November.
A weekly market on Wednesdays was granted to John, earl of Richmond, in 1308 together with an eight days' fair beginning on the vigil of St Margaret's day, and in 1445 John de la Pole, earl of Suffolk, one of his successors as lord of the manor, received a further grant of the same market and also two yearly fairs, one on the feast of St Philip and St James and the other at Michaelmas.
Now two yearly fairs for small wares are held on the 13th of May and the 11th of October.
The town is an important agricultural centre, its fairs for sheep and ponies in particular being well attended.
Earl Cholmondeley received a grant of two fairs in 1723.
Fairs are now held on the first Thursday in April, June, September and December, and a cheese fair on the first Thursday in each month except January.
It was provided that the hundred court of Powdershire should always be held there and two fairs at the feasts of St Peter in Cathedra and St Barnabas, both of which are still held, and a Tuesday market (now held on Friday) and that it should be a free borough rendering a yearly rent to the earl of Cornwall.
The principal are Lisnaskea, Irvi nestown(formerly Lowtherstown), M aguires bridge, Tempo, Newtownbutler, Belleek, Derrygonnelly and Kesh, at which fairs are held.
There is a trade in beer, cattle and grain, sold at eleven annual fairs, three of which last for ten days each.
The lord of the manor had two fairs, one on the 24th of August and the other on the 8th of September.
In 1738 fairs were held on the 4th of May and the 8th of September, and a market every Saturday.
Weaving is taught in the girls' school, and fairs are held for the sale of farm produce; but the absence of a railway and the badness of the roads retard commerce.
Rhayader has for some centuries been an important centre for Welsh mutton and wool, and its sheep fairs are largely attended by drovers and buyers from all parts.
The abbot seems to have held a market from very early times, and charters for the holding of markets and fairs were granted by various sovereigns from Edward I.
Pardubitz has a tolerably active trade in grain and timber, and the horse-fairs attract numerous customers.
Finally, a great number of artels on the stock exchange, in the seaports, in the great cities, during the great fairs and on railways have grown up, and have acquired the confidence of tradespeople to such an extent that considerable sums of money and complicated banking operations are frequently handed over to an artelshik (member of an artel) without any receipt, his number or his name being accepted as sufficient guarantee.
The fairs are very numerous.
Altogether, no fewer than 16,600 fairs are held in Russia, 85% of them in European Russia.
Flour-milling and tanning are industries, and monthly cattle fairs are held.
The fairs now held on the 8th of May, the 26th of July and the first Monday after the 10th of October were granted to the bishop in 1227, 12 4 0 and 1300.
Nor could they be effectually excluded from the fairs, the great markets of the 18th century.
But economic laws are often too strong for civil vagaries or sectarian fanaticism, and as the commerce of Austria suffered by the absence of the Jews, it was impossible to exclude the latter from the fairs in the provinces of from the markets of the capital.
Granted a Friday market, and two fairs, at the feast of St Philip and St James, and on St Luke's day.
No charter has been found, but a judgment given under a writ of quo warranto in 1578 confirms to the burgesses freedom from toll, passage and pontage, the tolls and stallage of the quay and the right to hold two fairs - privileges which they claimed under charters of Baldwin de Redvers and Isabel de Fortibus, countess of Albemarle, in the 13th century, and Edward Courtenay, earl of Devon, in 1405.
Fairs on the 13th and 14th of May and the 2nd and 3rd of October, dating from the 13th century, are still held.
Two annual fairs are now held, namely on the first Monday in April and the second Monday in October.
28), and in 1608 fairs were also held on May day and at the feast of St James (July 25).25).
The market day has been transferred to Friday, but the May and October fairs are continued.
The great fair at Irbit retains its importance, and there are, besides, over 500 fairs in Tobolsk and over 100 in other parts of the region.
In 1330 granted instead two fairs on the vigil and day of St Thomas the Martyr and the vigil and day of SS.
Queen Mary granted three new fairs, and James I.
A weekly market was granted, two fairs yearly at Whitsuntide and Michaelmas, and many other privileges.
This charter obtained until in 1599 a second one incorporated the town by the name of "mayor and jurats" and regranted the market and fairs together with some additional privileges, among others that of returning members to parliament, which, however, was never exercised.
Important cattle and horse fairs are held here.
Its most important early charter was that granted in 1340 by Hugh le Despenser, whereby the burgesses acquired the right to nominate persons from whom the constable of the castle should select a bailiff and other officers, two ancient fairs, held on the 29th of June and, 9th of September, were confirmed, and extensive trading privileges were granted, including the right to form a merchant gild.
In 1792 two annual fairs were held, one on Whit Monday, the other on the 10th of October; and a market was held every Saturday.
The market day is still Saturday, but the fairs are discontinued.