Its affluents are, on the right, the Aube; the Marne, which joins the Seine at Charenton near Paris; the Oise, which has its source in Belgium and is enlarged by the Aisne; and the Epte; on the left the Yonne, the Loing, the Essonne, the Eure and the RUle.
- - - 841,700, , 22I, , Eure-et-L
Colsa, grown chiefly in the lower basin of the Seine (SeineInfrieure and Eure), is the most important of the oil-producing plants, all of which show a diminishing acreage.
PARIS - - Seine, Aube, Eure-et-Loir, Marne, Seine-et-Marne, Seine-et-Oise, Yonne.
- Seine, Cher, Eure-et-Loir, Loir-et-Cher, Loiret, Marne, Oise, Seine-et-Marne, Seine-et-Oise.
CAEN alvados, Eure, Manche, Orne, Sarthe, Seine Infrieure.
EURE-ET-LOIR, an inland department of north-western France, formed in 1790 of portions of Orleanais and Normandy.
By the department of Eure, W.
The northern part of Eure-et-Loir is watered by the Eure, with its tributaries the Vegre, Blaise and Avre, a small western portion by the Huisne, and the south by the Loir with its tributaries the Conic and the Ozanne.
Eure-et-Loir exports the products of its soil and live-stock; its imports include coal, wine and wearing apparel.
CHARTRES, a city of north-western France, capital of the department of Eure-et-Loir, 55 m.
Chartres is built on the left bank of the Eure, on a hill crowned by its famous cathedral, the spires of which are a landmark in the surrounding country.
The Eure, which at this point divides into three branches, is crossed by several bridges, some of them ancient, and is fringed in places by remains of the old fortifications, of which the Porte Guillaume (14th century), a gateway flanked by towers, is the most complete specimen.
Chartres was one of the principal towns of the Carnutes, and by the Romans was called Autricum, from the river Autura (Eure), and afterwards civitas Carnutum.
JACQUES CHARLES DUPONT DE L'EURE (1767-1855), French lawyer and statesman, was born at Neubourg (Eure), in Normandy, on the 27th of February 1767.
He had meanwhile been sent to suppress revolts in the districts of Rhone, Eure, Calvados and Finistere, where he had been able to pursue a conciliatory policy.
HENRI HUREAU DE SENARMONT (1808-1862), French mineralogist and physician, was born at Broue, Eure et Loire, on the 6th of September 1808.
He escaped to Normandy to join Buzot, and after the defeat of the Girondists at Pacy-sur-Eure he found shelter in Brittany.
NICOLAUS OF LYRA (c. 1265-1349), French commentator, was born in Lire, now Vieille-Lyre, in the department of Eure, Normandy.
Belsia), a physical region of north-central France, comprising large portions of the departments of Eure-etLoir and Loir-et-Cher, and also extending into those of Loiret and Seine-et-Oise.
M., its limits being roughly defined by the course of the Essonne on the E., of the Loire on the S., and of the Brenne, the Loir and the Eure towards the W., though in the latter direction it extends somewhat beyond these boundaries.
WILLIAM HENRY WADDINGTON (1826-1894), French statesman, was born at St Remi-sur-l'Avre (Eure-et-Loir) on the 11th of December 1826.
Their territory corresponded to the dioceses of Chartres, Orleans and Blois, that is, the greater part of the modern departments of Eure-et-Loir, Loiret, Loir-et-Cher.
EURE, a department of north-western France, formed in 1790 from a portion of the old province of Normandy, together with the countship of Evreux and part of Perche.
By Eure-et Loir, and E.
The territory of Eure, which nowhere exceeds Boo ft.
All the rivers of the department flow into the Seine, - on the right bank the Andelle and the Epte, and on the left the Eure with its tributaries the Avre and the Iton, and the Risle with its tributary the Charentonne.
The Eure, from which the department takes its name, rises in Orne, and flowing through Eure-etLoir, falls into the Seine above Pont de l'Arche, after a course of 44 m.
The mineral products of Eure include freestone, marl, lime and brick-clay.
Coal and raw materials for its industries are the chief imports of Eure; its exports include cattle, poultry, eggs, butter, grain and manufactured goods.
The department is served chiefly by the Western railway; the Seine, Eure and Risle provide 87 m.
Eure is divided into the following arrondissements (containing 36 cantons, 700 communes): - Evreux, Louviers, Les Andelys, Bernay, and PontAudemer.
N.W., was the scene of the battle in which, on the 17th of February 1545, the Scots under the earl of Angus, Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch, and Norman Leslie, defeated S000 English, whose leaders, Sir Ralph Evers or Eure and Sir Brian Latoun or Layton, were slain.
His hereditary republicanism recommended him to the government of national defence, by which he was entrusted in 1870 with the task of organizing resistance in the departments of the Eure, Calvados and Seine Inferieure, and made prefect of the last named in January 1871.
AUGUSTIN JEAN FRESNEL (1788-1827), French physicist, the son of an architect, was born at Broglie (Eure) on the 10th of May 1788.
In October 1885 he was elected deputy for Eure and Loire.
He became drill instructor, and afterwards captain in the departmental (Eure-et-Loire) regiment of the National Guard.
Early in March 1792 he was elected lieutenant-colonel of one of the battalions of the Eure-et-Loire; he took part in the defence of Verdun in 1792, and it fell to his lot to bear the proposals of capitulation to the Prussian camp. The spiritless conduct of the defenders excited the wrath of the revolutionary authorities, and Marceau was fortunate in escaping arrest and finding re-employment as a captain in the regular service.
He was returned to the chamber of deputies for the department of Eure in 1831.
ANET, a town of northern France, in the department of Eure-et-Loir, situated between the rivers Eure and Vegre, 10 m.
BERNAY, a town of north-western France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Eure, on the left bank of the Charentonne, 31 m.
PERCHE, a region of northern France extending over the departments of Orne, Eure, Eure-et-Loir and Sarthe.