Thermit was discovered by Dr. Hans Goldschmidt of Essen, Germany, in 1895, while trying to reduce chromium and manganese.
In the Bell-Krupp or "pig-washing" process, invented independently by the famous British iron-master, Sir Lowthian Bell, and Krupp of Essen, advantage is taken of the fact that, at a relatively low temperature, probably a little above 1200° C., the phosphorus and silicon of molten cast iron are quickly oxidized and removed by contact with molten iron oxide, though carbon is thus oxidized but slowly.
The largest iron and steel works are at Essen, Oberhausen, Duisburg, Dusseldorf and Cologne, while cutlery and other small metallic wares are extensively made at Solingen, Remscheid and Aix-la-Chapelle.
Essen, , 231,396
The greater part of it is produced at or around Essen, where are the famous Krupp works, and BochUm.
Ether, alcohol not in cluded elsewhere, essen tial oils, perfumery and cosmetics.
The management of the Prussian railway system is committed to the charge of twenty directions, into which the whole network of lines is divided, being those of Altona, Berlin, Breslau, Bromberg, Danzig, Elberfeld, Erfurt, Essen ad.
In the immediate vicinity are also extensive beds of iron ore, and this combination of mineral wealth has enabled the town to become a competitor with Essen, Oberhausen, Duisburg and Hagen in the products of the iron industry.
(Essen, 1885); C. Gernandt, Die erste Romfahrt Heinrich V.
1659, 1660, 1661), and his influence is already seen on the Reformed theologian Andreas van Essen (Essenius, 1618-1677), who, in 1659, published his Systematis theologiae pars prior, the tomus secundus in 1661, but Systematis dogmatics tomus tertius et ultimus in 1665.
Of Essen and 15 m.
Her eunuch priests, µe-y6) 3v oc (a name,which points to a Persian origin), were under the control of a high priest called Essen (according to others, there was a body of priests called Essenes).
ESSEN, a manufacturing town of Germany, in the Prussian Rhine province, 22 m.
Essen also has a beautiful public park in the immediate vicinity.
Chief among its industrial establishments are the famous iron and steel works of Krupp, and the whole of Essen may be said to depend for its livelihood upon this firm, which annually expends vast sums in building and supporting churches, schools, clubs, hospitals and philanthropic institutions, and in other ways providing for the welfare of its employees.
Essen was originally the seat of a Benedictine nunnery, and was formed into a town about the middle of the 10th century by the abbess Hedwig.
See Funcke, Geschichte des Furstenthums and der Stadt Essen (Elberfeld, 1851); Kellen, Die Industriestadt Essen in Wort and Bild (Essen, 1902); and A.
When the review was over, the newly arrived officers, and also Kutuzov's, collected in groups and began to talk about the awards, about the Austrians and their uniforms, about their lines, about Bonaparte, and how badly the latter would fare now, especially if the Essen corps arrived and Prussia took our side.