Descent through Esau from Abraham, and were acknowledged' by the Israelites (Deut.
2, naming, as one of the wives of Esau, Oholibamah, daughter of Zibeon the Horite (corrected by verse 20).
This is characteristically expressed when Esau, the ancestor of Edom, is represented as the brother of Jacob, or when Moab and Ammon are the children of Lot, Abraham's nephew (see Genealogy: Biblical).
Stories of Jacob and his " brother " Esau), elsewhere Edom is frequently denounced for unbrotherly conduct in connexion with some disaster which befell Jerusalem, apparently long after 586 B.C. (see § 22).'
3, we have the following impossible sentence, where Esau is referred t0: vEKpbs i v iipet /Lap, Kai 7ropevbµEVOS 'Avovipa,u airiaavev.
They believed that Cain derived his existence from the superior power, and Abel from the inferior power, and that in this respect he was the first of a line which included Esau, Korah, the Sodomites and Judas Iscariot.
" If the law simply consists of ordinary expressions and narratives, such as the words of Esau, Hagar, Laban, the ass of Balaam or Balaam himself, why should it be called the law of truth, the perfect law, the true witness of God ?
The biblical Esau, q.v.).
21), and the references to Esau and Ishmael as representative world-powers (Gen.
After the death of his mother, when he was forty years old, he married Rebekah the Aramaean, by whom after twenty years of married life he became the father of Esau and Jacob.
25 years Age of Isaac at the birth of Esau and Jacob (Gen.
22 seq., and on the Talmudic custom of applying to the Romans the references to Edom or Esau, see Jewish Ency.
Jacob and his twin brother Esau are the eponyms of the Israelites and Edomites.
The popular view regarding Israel and Edom is expressed when the story makes Jacob a tent-dweller, and Esau a hunter, a man of the field.
But whilst Esau married among the Canaanite "daughters of the land" (P in xxvi.
Passing Mahanaim ("camps"), where he saw the camps of God, Jacob sent to Esau with friendly overtures.
He then effected an unexpected reconciliation with Esau, passed to Succoth, where he built "booths" for his cattle (hence its name), and reached Shechem.
According to P, Jacob came to Hebron, and it was at this juncture that Jacob and Esau separated (a second time) and the latter removed to Mount Seir (xxxvi.
The national traditions of Israel recognize a close relationship between Moab and Ammon, "sons" of Lot, and the "brothers" Esau (Edom) and Jacob (Israel), and Moab is represented as already a powerful people when Israel fled from Egypt (Exod.
The ties which united Lot (the "father" of Ammon and Moab), Ishmael, Midian and Edom (Esau) with the southern tribes Judah and Simeon, as manifested in the genealogical lists, are intelligible enough on geographical grounds alone, and the significance of this for the history of Judah and Palestine cannot be ignored.
The traditions recording the separation of Lot from Abraham, of Hagar and Ishmael from Isaac, and of Esau from Jacob, although at present arranged in a descending scheme of family relationship, are the result of systematic grouping and cannot express any chronological order of events (see Genesis).
Esau (Edom) although the older, loses his superiority, and if the oracles declare that the elder shall serve the younger (Jacob, i.e.
Israel), the final independence of Esau (Gen.
The names Esau and Edom are possibly old divine names; see ESAU and Ency.
It was not the Old Testament saints, however, but only sinners and malefactors like Cain, Esau and Saul, who obeyed his summons.
Like Esau, he had sold his birthright; and there was no longer any place for repentance.
Esau and all the heathen shall drink full retribution for their banquet of carnage and plunder on Yahweh's holy mountain.
The house of Jacob shall regain their old possessions; Edom shall be burned up before them as chaff before the flame; they shall spread over all Canaan, over the mountain of Esau and the south of Judah, as well as over Gilead and the Philistine and Phoenician coast.
The victorious Israelites shall come up on Mount Zion to rule the mountain of Esau, and the kingdom shall be Yahweh's (vers.
In the former verses Esau is destroyed by his allies, and they occupy his territory, but in the latter he perishes with the other heathen in the day of universal retribution, he disappears before the victorious advance of Israel, and the southern Judaeans occupy his land.'
ESAU, the son of Isaac and Rebecca, in the Bible, and the elder twin brother of Jacob.
He thus gained the blessing intended for the first-born, and Esau, on hearing how he had been forestalled, vowed to kill him.
For "Esau" as a designation of the Edomites, cf.
P. 39 sq.) the name Esau has S.