The royal university of Parma, founded in 1601 by Ranuccio I., and reconstituted by Philip of Bourbon in 1768, has faculties in law, medicine and natural science, and possesses an observatory, and natural science collections, among which is the Eritrean Zoological Museum.
The highest hills in Eritrean territory rise to about 10,000 ft.
Traces of the ancient Eritrean civilization are scarce.
A convention of the 16th of May 1908 settled the Abyssinian-Eritrean frontier in the Afar country, the boundary being fixed at 60 kilometres from the coast.
Kassala is on the river Gash east of the Atbara and near the Eritrean frontier.