It appears to have belonged to the Eretrian league; hence, perhaps, we may explain the war with Samos, a leading member of the rival Chalcidian league in the reign of King Amphicrates (Herod.
The island was perhaps occupied by Greek settlers even before Cumae; its Eretrian and Chalcidian inhabitants abandoned it about Soo B.C. owing to an eruption, and it is said to have been deserted almost at once by the greater part of the garrison which Hiero I.
MENEDEMUS, Greek philosopher, and founder of the Eretrian school of thought, was born at Eretria about 350 and died between 278 and 275 B.C. Though of noble birth, he worked as builder and tentmaker until he was sent with a military expedition to Megara, where, according to Diogenes Laertius, he heard Plato and resolved to devote himself to philosophy.
Diogenes says that he left no writings, and the Eretrian school disappeared after a short and unobtrusive existence.
Among his followers were Menedemus and Asclepiades, the leaders of the Eretrian school of philosophy.
Eretrian School of philosophy >>
It existed for a very short time and was then transferred by Menedemus to Eretria, where it became known as the Eretrian school.