In the great Roman Stoics - Seneca, Epictetus; less material for theism perhaps.
We may also observe here that, like Epictetus, he is by no means so decided on the subject of suicide as the older Stoics.
But above all, what gives the sentences of Marcus Aurelius their enduring value and fascination, and renders them superior to the utterances of Epictetus and Seneca, is that they are the gospel of his life.
When young, Arrian was the pupil and friend of Epictetus, who had probably withdrawn to Nicopolis, when Domitian expelled all philosophers from Rome.
Manual) of Epictetus, a handbook of moral philosophy, for many years a favourite instruction book with both Christians and pagans.
It adjoined Phrygia Epictetus and Galatia.
His philosophy, which is in most respects identical with that of his pupil, Epictetus, is marked by its strong practical tendency.
After his return from Persia Simplicius wrote commentaries upon Aristotle's De coelo, Physica, De anima and Categoriae, which, with a commentary upon the Enchiridion of Epictetus, have survived.
His main productions were a diary kept at intervals during eighteen months (1785-1787), and translations of the Antigone, the Manual of Epictetus, &c. But the characteristic feature of his studies was the copious extracts which from this time onward he unremittingly made and preserved.
EPICTETUS (born c. A.D.
The name Epictetus is merely the Greek for "acquired" (from E1rLKraaOat); his original name is not known.
He wrote nothing; but much of his teaching was taken down with affectionate care by his pupil Flavius Arrianus, the historian of Alexander the Great, and is preserved in two treatises, of the larger of which, called the Discourses of Epictetus ('E7rLKT)TOV Atarpcf3ai), four books are still extant.
The philosophy of Epictetus is intensely practical, and exhibits a high idealistic type of morality.
The historical models to which Epictetus reverts are Diogenes and Socrates.
The best editions of the works of Epictetus are by J.
In the pages of Epictetus the same ideal is constantly held up to us.
The writings of the later Stoics have come down to us, if not entire, in great part, so that Seneca, Cornutus, Persius, Lucan, Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius are known at first hand.
Epictetus testifies to the powerful hold he acquired upon his pupils, each of whom felt that Musonius spoke to his heart.
In the life and teaching of Epictetus this thought bore abundant fruit.
Epictetus, however, would have the sage hold aloof from domestic cares, another Cynic trait.
Epictetus is marked out amongst Stoics by his renunciation of the world.
Following Epictetus, he speaks of man as a corpse bearing about a soul; at another time he has a threefold division - (z) body, (2) soul, the seat of impulse (7rveu,uariov),.
" Reverence Zeus, the Father-God ": " all fathers are sacred to Zeus, the Father-God, and all brothers to Zeus the God of the family ": these phrases of Aristophanes and Epictetus 13 express the ideas that engendered his titles Ilarpci.ios, FapdiXcos, TEXE70, `Opoyvcos.
So Epictetus remarks that he only really understands Judaism who knows " the baptized Jew " - (TOP 1 3€ aµpE'ov).
Simple souls found their spiritual pasture in little mincing "devotions"; while robuster minds built up for themselves a natural moralistic religion, quite as close to Epictetus as to Christianity.