Although they are actually not very effective as antidepressants with children, they can be quite helpful for a variety of other problems, including attention deficit disorder, enuresis (bed-wetting), and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
In a minority of children, nighttime bladder control does not develop until after the age of five; this situation often occurs in families where there is a history of enuresis (bedwetting).
Enuresis is defined as the repeated voiding of urine into the bed or clothes at least twice a week for at least three consecutive months in a child who is at least five years of age.
If bedwetting is frequent, accompanied by daytime wetting, or falls into the American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic definition of enuresis, a doctor should be consulted.
Approximately fifteen percent of five year olds experience nocturnal enuresis, which is the medical term for bedwetting for children ages five and older.
Twin studies have shown that both of a pair of identical twins experience enuresis more often than both of a pair of fraternal twins.
"Summary of the Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents with Enuresis."
Most children with primary enuresis have a close relative-a parent, aunt, or uncle-who also had the disorder.
Some children with the attention disorder have bedwetting problems, or nocturnal enuresis.
The nocturnal enuresis or urinary incontinence of children and of adults is frequently relieved by this drug.