Published his encyclical Providentissimus Deus, which indeed directly condemned not Abbe Loisy's but Mgr d'Hulst's position, yet rendered the continued publication of consistently critical work so difficult that Loisy himself suppressed his Enseignement at the end of 1893.
The reaction of 1815-1821 in favour of classics was followed by the more liberal programme of Vatimesnil (1829), including, for those who had no taste for a classical education, certain " special courses " (1830), which were the germ of the enseignement special and the enseignement moderne.
Greard, Education et instruction, 4 vols., especially " Enseignement secondaire," vol.
They showed their gratitude by dedicating a book to him in 1896, Etudes d'histoire age, and after his retirement in 1905 by having his features engraved on a slab (see A Gabriel Monod, en souvenir de son enseignement: ecole pratique des hautes etudes, 1868-1905, ecole normale superieure, 1880-1904.
Xlv.); Proverbes de bon enseignement (op. cit.
He has had his reward, for assuredly the portrait of St Louis, from the early collection of anecdotes to the last hearsay sketch of the woeful end at Tunis, with the famous enseignement which is still the best summary of the theoretical duties of a Christian king in medieval times, is such as to take away all charge of vulgarity or mere commerage from Joinville, a charge to which otherwise he might perhaps have been exposed.
The death of the king at Tunis, his enseignement to his son, and the story of his canonization complete the work.