The references to Enoch (principally ver.
Not only is the whole atmosphere Christian in colouring, but we actually find the Greek gods in the guise of Enoch, Elijah, &c., while Philip is a Christian martyr, and Alexander himself a great apostle, even a saint; quotations from the Bible are frequent.
3; Ethiopic Enoch, lx.
Schmidt gave himself out as the incarnation of Enoch, and prophesied the approaching fall of the Church of Rome, the overthrow of the ancient sacraments, and the triumph of flagellation as the only road to salvation.
The Messiah's preexistent state before the creation of the world is asserted in the Book of Enoch (xlviii.
On apocalyptic generally the introductions to Charles's Book of Enoch, Apocalypse of Baruch, Ascension of Isaiah and Book of Jubilees, should be carefully noted.
Enoch Edwards >>
27; Enoch lxix.
A similar story appears in the Book of Enoch, and Tertullian has much to say about the wicked angels who revealed to men the knowledge of gold and silver, of lustrous stones, and of the power of herbs, and who introduced the arts of astrology and magic upon the earth.
4; Enoch lxii.
In the Book of Enoch (xci.
3-8 (notes); Book of Enoch (index, s.v.
Alten Orients (Leipzig, 1906), pp. 220 seq.; also Enoch, Lamech.
24, the reader is left to recognize Enoch from his knowledge of the Biblical narrative.) In the second part of the book there is no expression of "messianic" hope; in the first part the picture of the national future agrees in general (if its expressions are to be taken literally) with that given in the book of Daniel: the Jews are to have dominion over the peoples (iii.
In this regard a comparison between them and Daniel, Enoch and Psalms of Solomon is instructive.
4, 9) the book, until the time of its fulfilment had arrived; for that it was not designed for his own generation but for far-distant ages (1 Enoch i.
2 Thus Jude quotes the Book of Enoch by name, while undoubted use of this book appears in the four gospels and i Peter.
The genuineness and inspiration of Enoch were believed in by the writer of the Ep. of Barnabas, Irenaeus, Tertullian and Clement of Alexandria.
Again, the Slavonic Enoch goes back undoubtedly in parts to a Semitic original, though most of it was written by a Greek Jew in Egypt.
6 a the temple, and so generation after generation the hope of the kingdom persisted, sustained most probably by ever-fresh reinterpretations of ancient prophecy, till in the first half of the 2nd century the delay is explained in the Books of Daniel and Enoch as due not to man's shortcomings but to the counsels of God.
This principle, which shows itself clearly at first in the conception that the various nations are under angelic rulers, who are in a greater or less degree in rebellion against God, as in Daniel and Enoch, grows in strength with each succeeding age, till at last Satan is conceived as "the ruler of this world" (John xii.
Each fresh apocalypse would in the eyes of its writer be in some degree but a fresh edition of the traditions naturally attaching themselves to great names in Israel's past, and thus the books named respectively Enoch, Noah, Ezra would to some slight extent be not pseudonymous.
T Enoch vi.
(TOO B.C. to I B.C.) Enoch i.
Though this book has not come down to us independently, it has in large measure been incorporated in the Ethiopic Book of Enoch, and can in part be reconstructed from it.
25 of the Ethiopic Enoch are without question derived from it.
32, and Enoch lived only 365 years.
Are clearly from the same source; for they make no reference to Enoch, but bring forward Noah (x.
- xxiii., &c., a large interest attaches; for these, like I Enoch xci.
On the other hand, it is probably identical with the apocryphal book 'A(3paµ mentioned in the Stichometry of Nicephorus, and the Synopsis Athanasii, together with the Apocalypses of Enoch, &c.
271-273.) 2 Enoch, or the Slavonic Enoch, or the Book of the Secrets of Enoch.
Probably in the lost Hebrew text of Enoch xx.
Tafel and C. Enoch, Berichte, 1890, 23, p. 1550).
Rabbi Enoch Altschul of Prague recorded his own escape on the 22nd of Tebet 1623 in a special roll or megillah, which was to be read by his family on that date with rejoicing similar to the general Purim.
(2) The final remains in God's hands; but in one writing (the Ethiopic Enoch) is represented as Messiah's function.
Paradise was sometimes regarded as the division of Sheol to which the righteous passed after death, but at others it was conceived as the heavenly abode of Moses, Enoch and Elijah, to which other saints would pass after the last judgment.
With the growing weakness and corruption of the Hasmonaean princes, and the alienation of a large part of the nation from their cause, the hope of a better kingship begins to appear in Judaea also; at first darkly shadowed forth in the Book of Enoch (chap. xc.), where the white steer, the future leader of God's herd after the deliverance from the heathen, stands in a certain contrast to the actual dynasty (the horned lambs); and then much more clearly, and for the first time with use of the name Messiah, in the Psalter of Solomon, the chief document of the protest of Pharisaism against its enemies the later Hasmonaeans.
In the later parts of the Book of Enoch (the "symbols" of chap. xlv.
Geschichte (1895), pp. 198-204; Charles's Book of Enoch and Apocalypse of Baruch (especially the introductions); Bousset, Religion des Judentums, 2nd ed., pp. 245-277; Volz, Judische Eschatologie von Daniel bis Akiba, pp. 55-68, 213-237: Dalman, Der leidende u.
It is worthy of notice that according to the old Persian myth also, the development of the world begins with the slaying of the primal man Gayomart by Angra-Mainyu (Ahriman); further, that the Primal Man (" son of man "= man) also plays a part in Jewish apocalyptic literature (Daniel, Enoch, iv.
The ages assigned to the several patriarchs (except Enoch) in Gen.
Enoch Louis Lowe..