The latter being Englands especial anxiety; this mission, although not destined to produce much effect, aroused extravagant hopes among the Liberals.
Wolfgang Michael's Englands Stellung zur ersten Teilung Polens (Hamburg, 1890) is of especial interest to Englishmen.
His first work, Konig Aelfred and seine Stellung in der Geschichte Englands (Berlin, 1851), was followed by monographs on Bischof Grosseteste and Adam von Marsh (Tubingen, 1864), and on Simon von Montfort (Tubingen, 1867).
Lappenberg's Geschichte von England from 1154 to 1509 (Gotha, 1853-1858), and himself wrote a Geschichte Englands (Leipzig, 1864-1875), dealing with the period between 1814 and 1852.
Englands experience of minors on the thtone had been unhappyEdwy and ~thelred the Redeless were warnings rather than examples.
Such was Englands, fate till 1153, when Matilda had retired from the strife in favor of her son, Henry of Anjou, and Stephen was grown an old man, and had just lost his heir, Eustace, to whom he had desired to pass on the crown.
Point of view, Englands worst kings have been her best; that is to say, a sovereign like Richard, who persistently neglected his duties, was unconsciously the foster father of constitutional liberty.
It was no wonder that Paris was lost within six months of the regents death, Normandy invaded, and Calais beleaguered by an army headed by Englands new enemy, Philip of Burgundy..
Cromwell rashly sought to wed Henry to this policy, proposed Anne of Cleves as a bride for Henry, now once more a widower, and represented the marriage as Englands sole protection against a Catholic league.
As it was, the Spanish connection checked Englands aspirations; her adventurers were warned off the Spanish Main, and even trade with the colonies of Philips ally Portugal was prohibited.
Englands behalf, but he induced Mary to declare war on France on his own (1557).
While Elizabeth nursed prosperity in peace, her subjects sapped the strength of Englands rivals by attacks which were none the less damaging because they escaped the name of war.
Elizabeth was glad of Philips support at the negotiations for peace at Cateau Cambrsis (I 559), but she took care to assert the independence of her diplomacy and of Englands interests.
Still it was now a war upon more or less equal terms, and there was little more likelihood that it would end with Englands than with Spains loss of national independence.
And the passionate loyalty which had supported her as the embodiment of Englands aspirations somewhat cooled in her declining years.
There are other collections too numerous to enumerate, such as Lettenhoves edition of Philip IIs correspondence relating to the Netherlands, Diegerick and Mullers, Teulets and Albris collections, the French Documents indits and the Spanish Documentos ineditos, all containing state papers relating to Englands foreign policy in the 16th century.
Allies from outside were therefore called in, and this it was that gave a European character to these wars of religion; the two parties were parties of foreigners, the Protestants being supported by German Landsknechts and Elizabeth of Englands cavalry, and the royal army by Italian, Swiss or Spanish auxiliaries.
Engaged already in both Canada and in India (where Dupleix was founding an empire with a mere handful of men), it was to Frances interest not to become involved in war upon the Rhine, thus falling into Englands continental trap. She did fall into it, however: for the sake of conquering Silesia for the king of Prussia, Canada was left exposed by the capture of Cape Breton; while in order to restore this same Silesia to Maria Theresa, Canada was lost and with it India.