In the Langen mono-rail the cars are hung from a single overhead rail; a line on this system works between Barmen and Elberfeld, about 9 m., the cars for a portion of the distance being suspended over the river Wupper.
JOHANN PETER LANGE (1802-1884), German Protestant theologian, was of peasant origin and was born at Sonneborn near Elberfeld on the Toth of April 1802.
ELBERFELD, a manufacturing town of Germany, in the Prussian Rhine province, on the Wupper, and immediately west of and contiguous to Barmen.
Elberfeld-Barmen, although administratively separate, practically form a single whole.
The industries of Elberfeld are on a scale of great magnitude.
The surroundings of Elberfeld are attractive, and public grounds and walks have been recently opened on the hills around with results eminently beneficial to the health of the population.
In the 12th century the site of Elberfeld was occupied by the castle of the lords of Elverfeld, feudatories of the archbishops of Cologne.
It was not, however, until 1610 that Elberfeld was raised to the status of a town, and in 1640 was surrounded with walls.
In 1815 Elberfeld was assigned by the congress of Vienna, with the grand-duchy of Berg, to Prussia, and its prosperity rapidly developed under the Prussian Zollverein.
See Coutelle, Elberfeld, to pographisch-statistische Darstellung (Elberfeld, 1853); Schell, Geschichte der Stadt Elberfeld (1900); A.
Shadwell, Industrial Efficiency (London, 1906); and Jorde, Filhrer durch Elberfeld and seine Umgebung (1902).
Moller (Elberfeld, 1870).
(published separately Elberfeld, 1862, 8vo); J.
Life by Pestalozzi (Elberfeld, 1861).
Screadunga (Elberfeld, 1858, prefaces to the Gospels); J.
Other principal centres of the silk trade in Rhenish Prussia are Viersen, Barmen, Elberfeld and Muhlheim.
Bleek, Der Brief an die Hebrder (1828-1840), still a valuable storehouse of material, while Bleek's later views are to be found in a posthumous work (Elberfeld, 1868); also in Franz Delitzsch's Commentary (Edinburgh, 1868).
In length, it passes through the populous towns of Barmen and Elberfeld and supplies water-power to about five hundred mills and factories.
Of Elberfeld-Barmen by rail.
Elberfeld, , 162,682
Furniture covers, table covers and plush are made in Elberfeld and Chemnitz, in Westphalia and the Rhine province (notably in Elberfeld and Barmen); shawls in Berlin and the Bavarian Vogtland; carpets in Berlin, Barmen and Silesia.
The main centre of the silk industry is Crefeld and its neighborhood; then come Elberfeld and Barmen, Aix-la-Chapelle, as well as Berlin, Bielefeld, Chemnitz, Stuttgart and the district around Mulhausen in Alsace.
The management of the Prussian railway system is committed to the charge of twenty directions, into which the whole network of lines is divided, being those of Altona, Berlin, Breslau, Bromberg, Danzig, Elberfeld, Erfurt, Essen ad.
In some large towns the Elberfeld system of unpaid district visitors and the interworking of public and private charity is in force.
The best modern life is that by Georg Ellinger (Berlin, 1902); next is that of Karl Schmidt (Elberfeld, 1861).
NEANDERTHAL, a ravine near the village of Hochdal between Dusseldorf and Elberfeld, Rhenish Prussia.
His brother Gottfried Daniel Krummacher (1774-1837), who studied theology at Duisburg and became pastor successively in Berl (1798), Wiilfrath (1801) and Elberfeld (1816), was the leader of the "pietists" of Wupperthal, and published several volumes of sermons, including one entitled Die Wanderungen Israels durch d.
Friedrich Wilhelm Krummacher (1796-1868), son of Friedrich Adolf, studied theology at Halle and Jena, and became pastor successively at Frankfort (1819), Ruhrort (1823), Gemarke, near Barmen in the Wupperthal (1825), and Elberfeld (1834).
From Cologne by the railway to Elberfeld and at the junction of lines to Speldorf and Bonn.
JULIUS PLUCKER (r801-1868), German mathematician and physicist, was born at Elberfeld on the 16th of June r 801.