Here, between Ebal and Gerizim, Joshua made his last speech to the elders of the Israelites (Jos.
It lies in the valley between Ebal and Gerizim, on the main caravan route from Jerusalem northward.
Of the well (Palestine Exploration Fund Statement, 1907, p. 92 seq.); when that village fell into ruin the name may have migrated to `Askar, a village on the lower slopes of Mt Ebal about 14 m.
They include the rugged bare mass of Gerizim (2849 ft.), the smoother cactus-clad cone of Ebal (3077), and farther south Tell `Asur (3318) at which point begins the Judaean range.
Not one of these devout souls had any shadow of suspicion that, except natural features (such as the Mount of Olives, the Jordan, Ebal, Gerizim, &c.) and possibly a very few individual sites (such as Jacob's well at Shechem), there was not a single spot in the whole elaborate system that could show even the flimsiest evidence of authenticity!