In diameter, which lift the water to a trough at the top of the dam, whence it is distributed among the gardens and melon patches, rice, cotton, tobacco, liquorice and durra fields, between the immediate bed of the river and the rocky banks which shut it out from the desert.
The soil, mainly alluvial, is naturally very fertile, and wherever cultivated yields abundant crops, durra being the principal grain grown.
Wheat and barley were the chief crops, and another plant, perhaps identical with the durra, i.e.
DURRA (also written dourah, dhura, &c.; Arabic for a pearl, hence a grain of corn), a cereal grass, Sorghum vulgare, extensively cultivated in tropical and semi-tropical countries, where the grain, made into bread, forms an important article of diet.
White durra of excellent quality is raised.
Besides coffee there is a large trade in durra, the kat plant (used by the Mahommedans as a drug), ghee, cattle, mules and camels, skins and hides, ivory and gums. The import trade is largely in cotton goods, but every kind of merchandise is included.
The riverain population is largely engaged in agriculture, the chief crops cultivated being durra, barley, wheat and cotton.
Known as durra is now cultivated over the entire continent, and has become the most important cereal; the natives also chew the stem, which contains sugar.
Of crops the vilayet produces wheat (which is indigenous), rice, barley (which takes the place of oats as food for horses), durra (a coarse, maize-like grain), sesame, cotton and tobacco; of fruits, the date, orange, lemon, fig, banana and pomegranate.
Or durra?) was the main crop, and earlier again inferior varieties of wheat and barley took the lead, with boti apparently in the second place.
Lower down durra, maize and bultuc grow in profusion.
The inhabitants of the plains and foothills are for the most part semi-nomad shepherds, living on durra and milk.
The most important of those which have been published are: a treatise on eschatology called Ad-durra ul fakhira (" The precious pearl"), ed.
Durra, ground-nuts, yams and cotton are the principal products, and the palm and banana abound.
- among them maize, durra, wheat, barley, rye, teff, pease, cotton and sugar-cane - and many kinds of fruit trees are cultivated.
Little bread is eaten, the Abyssinian preferring a thin cake of durra meal or teff, kneaded with water and exposed to the sun till the dough begins to rise, when it is baked.
„ Their country is fertile, and they cultivate tobacco, durra and other crops.
The chief grain crop is durra, the staple food of the Sudanese.
On lands near the rivers the durra is sown after the flood has gone down and also at the beginning of the rainy season.
Cotton, cotton-seed and grain (durra, wheat, barley) sesame, livestock, hides and skins, beeswax, mother-of-pearl, senna and gold are also exported.
The imports are largely cotton goods, provisions, timber and cement; the exports gum, raw cotton, ivory, sesame, durra, senna, coffee (from Abyssinia), goat skins, &c. Forty miles north of Port Sudan is Mahommed Gul, the port for the mines of Gebet, worked by an English company.