Above the sea and is built on the side of a valley named De Kaap, from a bold headland of the Drakensberg which.
The town lies north of the Drakensberg on the Kraai tributary of the Orange river at an elevation of 5831 ft.
By the Drakensberg, N.
The Drakensberg forming the buttress of the plateau seaward, attain their highest elevation on the BasutoNatal border.
From the slopes of the Maluti descend many streams, the largest being the Kornet Spruit, which joins the Senku and other torrents from the Drakensberg to form the upper Orange.
Several passes through the Drakensberg into Griqualand East and Natal exist, but are little used.
The town is built on the outer slopes of the Drakensberg and is 4270 ft.
Its headstreams are in the highest part of the Drakensberg range, the principal source, the Senku, rising, at an elevation of more than 10,000 ft., on the south face of the Mont aux.
Across the upland valleys between the Maluti and Drakensberg ranges.
The rocky barrier which shuts off this land is part of the Drakensberg range.
It continues to the foot of the Drakensberg range, the mountains rising towards the S.W., with almost perpendicular sides, 6000 to 7000 ft.
The Drakensberg (q.v.), from Majuba Hill on the N.W.
From Giant's Castle to 1'lont-auxSources, in which, forsaking their general direction, the Drakensberg run S.E.
Spurs from the Drakensberg, at right angles to the main range, cross the plateaus.
A second range, the Biggarsberg, starts from the Drakensberg near Mount Malani and goes E.S.E.
All the rivers of Natal not purely coast streams have their origin in the Drakensberg or its secondary ranges.
The Umzimkulu river rises in Bamboo Castle, in the Drakensberg, and, with bolder curves than the Umkomaas, runs in a course generally parallel with that stream S.E.
The Ingwangwane rises in the Drakensberg south of the Umzimkulu, which it joins after a course of some 50 m.
Other rivers of Natal which rise in the spurs of the Drakensberg or in the higher terraces are the Umvoti, which runs south of the Tugela and gives its name to a county division, the Umlaas (which gives Durban its main water supply, the Illovo, which traverse .the country between Lthe Umgeni and Umkomaas, and the Umtamvuna, noteworthy as forming the boundary between Natal and Pondoland.
With the exception of a few Bushmen, who cling to the slopes of the Drakensberg, all the natives are of Bantu stock.
The main line starts from Durban, and passing through Pietermaritzburg (71 m.), Ladysmith (190 m.) and Newcastle (268 m.) pierces the Drakensberg at Laing's Nek by a tunnel 2213 ft.
From Ladysmith a branch line runs north-west into the Orange Free State, crossing the Drakensberg at Van Reenen's Pass.
There is no mention of Hottentots, and the few Bushmen who dwelt in the upper regions by the Drakensberg did not come into contact with Europeans.
The British settlers had, characteristically, reached Natal mainly by way of the sea; the new tide of immigration was by land - the voortrekkers streamed through the passes of Arrival the Drakensberg, bringing with them their wives and of the children and vast herds of cattle.
Meantime the Boers, who had repelled the Zulu attacks on their laagers, had been joined by others from the Drakensberg, and about 400 men under Hendrik Potgieter and Piet Uys advanced to attack Dingaan.
There was a considerable party of Natal Boers still strongly opposed to the British, and they were reinforced by numerous bands of Boers who came over the Drakensberg from Winburg and Potchefstroom.
He behaved with the utmost tact and got rid of the Winburg and Potchefstroom burghers by declaring that he should recommend the Drakensberg as the northern limit of Natal.
Sir Harry Smith, newly appointed governor of the Cape, met, on the banks of the upper Tugela, a body of farmers preparing to recross the Drakensberg, and by remedying their grievances induced many of them to remain in Natal.
The great sun which shines and burns) in 1848 at the foot of the Drakensberg with the object of preventing the Bushmen who dwelt in the mountains plundering the upland farmers.
The district of Vryheid, the district of Utrecht and such portion of the district of Wakkerstroom as was comprised by a line drawn from the north-eastern corner of Natal, east by Volksrust in a northerly direction to the summit of the Drakensberg Range, along that range, passing just north of the town of Wakkerstroom, to the head waters of the Pongola river, and thence following the Pongola river to the border of the Utrecht district.
- About five-sixths of the country lies west of the Drakensberg, the mountain range which forms the inner rim of the great tableland of South Africa.
The most elevated portion of the innermost range, the Drakensberg follows the curve of the coast from south to north-east.
Going westward from the Drakensberg the rampart is known successively as the Stormberg, Zuurberg, Sneeuwberg and Nieuwveld mountains.
High) are an inner spur of the Drakensberg running through the Herschel district.
The east and south-east winds, which contain most moisture, dissipate their strength against the Drakensberg and other mountain ranges which guard the interior.
In the south-east, in the Drakensberg, they attain heights of Io,000 to Ii,000 ft., elsewhere the highest points are between 8000 and 9000 ft.
The eastern escarpments (the Drakensberg, &c.) of the plateau intercept the rain-bearing winds from the Indian Ocean, so that over the greater part of the interior the rainfall is slight (5 to 24 in.).
In the semi-tropical regions south-east of the Drakensberg, i.e.
- Cut off from the warm, rain-bearing winds of the Indian Ocean by the Drakensberg, the country is swept by the winds from the dry desert regions to the west.
The second system is formed by a line leaving the Natal trunk railway at Ladysmith which crosses the Drakensberg at Van Reenen's Pass and is continued thence through Harrismith to Bethlehem.
The majority of the inhabitants appear to have been members of the Bechuana division of the Bantus, but in the valleys of the - Orange and Vaal were Korannas and other Hottentots, and in the Drakensberg and on the western border lived numbers of Bushmen.
Dissensions speedily arose among the emigrants, whose numbers were constantly added to, and Retief, Potgieter and other leaders crossed the Drakensberg and entered Natal.