He was in Paris in 1789, and entered into relations with Marat, Camille Desmoulins and Robespierre.
It took an active part in the movement against the monarchy of the 10th of June and the 10th of August 1792; but after that date the more moderate leaders of the club, Danton, Fabre d'Eglantine, Camille Desmoulins, seem to have ceased attending, and the "enrages" obtained control, such as J.
The Cordeliers were combated by those revolutionists who wished to end the Terror, especially by Danton, and by Camille Desmoulins in his journal Le Vieux Cordelier.
The club disowned Danton and Desmoulins and attacked Robespierre for his "moderation," but the new insurrection which it attempted failed, and its leaders were guillotined on the 24th of March 1794, from which date nothing is known of the club.
DESMOULINS, LUCIE SIMPLICE CAMILLE BENOIST (1760-1794), French journalist and politician, who played an important part in the French Revolution, was born at Guise, in Picardy, on the 2nd of March 1760.
In this school, in which Robespierre was also a bursar and a distinguished student, Camille Desmoulins laid the solid foundation of his learning.
In March 1789 Desmoulins began his political career.
It is further evident that Desmoulins was already sympathizing, not only with the enthusiasm, but also with the fury and cruelty, of the Parisian crowds.
Was the event which brought Desmoulins to fame.
Desmoulins may be said to have begun on the following day that public literary career which lasted till his death.
In November 1789 Desmoulins began his career as a journalist by the issue of the first number of a weekly publication, Les Revolutions de France et de Brabant.
1 In April 1792 Desmoulins founded with Stanislas Freron a new journal, La Tribune des patriotes, but only four numbers appeared.
Desmoulins was powerfully swayed by the influence of more vigorous minds; and for some time before the death of Mirabeau, in April 1791, he had begun to be led by Danton, with whom he remained associated during the rest of his life.
In that month, however, such a request was dangerous; there was excitement in the city over the presentation of the petition, and the private attacks to which Desmoulins had often been subject were now followed by a warrant for the arrest of himself and Danton.
Danton left Paris for a little; Desmoulins, however, remained there, appearing occasionally at the Jacobin club.
Upon the failure of this attempt of his opponents, Desmoulins published a pamphlet, Jean Pierre Brissot demasque, which abounded in the most violent personalities.
Desmoulins took an active part on the 10th of August and became secretary to Danton, when the latter became minister of justice.
Yet the role of Desmoulins during the Convention was of but secondary importance.
Then Robespierre turned against Desmoulins and took advantage of the popular indignation roused against the Hebertists to send them to death.
On the 7th of January 1 794 Robespierre, who on a former occasion had defended Camille when in danger at the hands of the National Convention, in addressing the Jacobin club counselled not the expulsion of Desmoulins, but the burning of certain numbers of the Vieux Cordelier.
By the end of March not only were Hebert and the leaders of the extreme party guillotined, but their opponents, Danton, Desmoulins and the best of the moderates, were arrested.
Armed with this and the false report of a spy, who charged the wife of Desmoulins with conspiring for the escape of her husband and the ruin of the republic, Fouquier-Tinville by threats and entreaties obtained from the jury a sentence of death.
The dates (1762-1794) given in so many biographies of Desmoulins are certainly inaccurate.
Of the fifteen guillotined together, including among them Marie Jean Herault de Sechelles, Francois Joseph Westermann and Pierre Philippeaux, Desmoulins died third; Danton, the greatest, died last.
Two days afterwards Desmoulins brought it into notice by appearing with it before the municipality of Paris to demand "the formal statement of the civil estate of his son."
Claretie, CEuvres de Camille Desmoulins avec une etude biographique..
&c. (Paris, 1874), and Camille Desmoulins, Lucile Desmoulins, etude sur les Dantonistes (Paris, 1875; Eng.
Lenotre, "La Maisonde Camille Desmoulins" (Le Temps, March 25, 1899).
He is the chief tragic poet of the revolutionary period, and as Camille Desmoulins expressed it, he decorated Melpomene with the tricolour cockade.
Hence the name Brissotins, coined by Camille Desmoulins, which was sometimes substituted for that of Girondins, sometimes closely coupled with it.
Camille Desmoulins, in jest and mockery, said of Saint-Just - the youth with the beautiful countenance and the long fair locks- "He carries his head like a Holy Sacrament."
The threat was not vain: Desmoulins accompanied Danton to the scaffold.
But, in spite of her murmurs and reproaches, he gave an asylum to another lady who was as poor as herself, Mrs Desmoulins, whose family he had known many years before in Staffordshire.
Room was found for the daughter of Mrs Desmoulins, and for another destitute damsel, who was generally addressed as Miss Carmichael, but whom her generous host called Polly.
Year after year Mrs Williams and Mrs Desmoulins, Polly and Levett, continued to torment him and to live upon him.
He was implicated by Francois Chabot in the falsification of a decree relative to the East India Company, and though his share seems to have been simply that he did not reveal the plot, of which he knew but part, he was accused before the Revolutionary Tribunal at the same time as Danton and Camille Desmoulins, and was executed on the 5th of April 1794.
On the outbreak of the revolution Freron, who was a schoolfellow of Robespierre and Camille Desmoulins, established the violent journal L'Orateur du people.
His family was ruined, however, by a lawsuit while he was still young, and Hebert came to Paris, where in his struggle against poverty he endured great hardships; the accusations of theft directed against him later by Camille Desmoulins were, however, without foundation.
Schemes which set up a larger number of distinct races, such as the eleven of Pickering, the fifteen of Bory de St Vincent and the sixteen of Desmoulins, have the advantage of finding niches for most well-defined human varieties; but no modern naturalist would be likely to adopt any one of these as it stands.
Among the middle class there already existed a party, consisting of men like Danton or Camille Desmoulins, which was prepared to go much further than any of the leaders of the Assembly.
On the r 2th of July Camille Desmoulins announced the dismissal of Necker to the crowd in the Palais Royal.
He became the advocate of mercy, and his friend Camille Desmoulins pleaded for the same cause in the Vieux Cordelier.
On the 30th he was arrested along with his friends Desmoulins, Delacroix, Philippeaux and Westermann.
They considered it time to re-establish the reign of ordinary laws and Tparty justice; sick of bloodshed, with Camille Desmoulins ance.