But it appears certain that the decalogue as it lay before the Deuteronomist did not contain any allusion to the creation (see Decalogue), and it is generally believed that this reference was added by the same post-exilic hand that wrote Gen.
See further articles, Aaron; Decalogue; Hebrew Religion; Levites.
The fuller titles of the ark originate in the belief that it contained the "covenant" (berith) or "testimony" (`eduth), the technical terms for the Decalogue; primarily, however, it would seem to have been called "the ark of Yahweh" (or "Elohim"), or simply "the ark."
On the Jewish Decalogue, for instance, follows the law, and on the law the rabbinical schools.
We find Targums to the Song of Moses and to the Decalogue, in which this process has been fully carried out, the text of Onkelos being given as well as the variants of the Fragmentary Targum.
As catechist at his college he read lectures on the Decalogue, which, both on their delivery and on their publication (in 1630), created much interest.
The figure ten may be taken from the commandments, 2 as in Gregory Nazianzen's later, and more incidental, decalogue of belief.
(including the decalogue - in its original, terser form, without the explanatory additions now attached to several of the commandments - and the collection of laws, known as the " Book of the Covenant," in xxi.
In 1520 he had brought out a primer of religion dealing briefly with the Decalogue, the Creed and the Lord's Prayer; and Justus Jonas, Johannes Agricola and other leaders had done something of the same kind.
Dufour was published in 1878), and explained the Decalogue, the Apostles' Creed, the Lord's Prayer and the Sacraments.
It has two parts: (i.) the baptismal covenant, the Creed, the Decalogue and the Lord's.
In the main they are expositions of the Creed, the Lord's Prayer and the Decalogue, and thus follow a tradition that has come down from the days when Cyril of Jerusalem delivered his catechetical Lectures.
This last resulted in a great number of nominal conversions, as baptism was the passport to government favour, and church membership was based on the learning of the Decalogue and the Lord's Prayer, and on the saying of grace at mealtimes.
Of repentance it would seem that she knew as little as of fear, having been trained from her infancy in a religion where the Decalogue was supplanted by the Creed.
2 7), (h) the giving of the Law, including the Decalogue and the so-called Book of the Covenant, on Sinai-Horeb (xix.
Sinai (or Horeb), followed by the Decalogue in xx.
In the view of this editor the Decalogue alone formed the basis of the covenant at Sinai-Horeb, and in order to retain J's version, he represented it as a renewal of the tables of stone which Moses had broken.4 The legislation contained in xxxiv.
The Decalogue (q.v.), Ex.
The evidence, However, afforded (a) by the parallel version of Deuteronomy and (b) by the literary analysis of J and E not only fails to support this tradition, but excites the gravest suspicions as to the originality both of the form and of the position in which the Decalogue now appears.
But the expansion and revision of the Decalogue were not limited to the Deuteronomic school.
Thus the Decalogue, as given in Exodus, would seem to have passed through at least three stages before it assumed its present form.
Hence we can only conclude that the Decalogue, in its original short form, came into existence during the period after the completion of E, but before the promulgation of Deuteronomy.
This redactor, however, did not limit the Horeb covenant to the Decalogue, but retained E's legislation alongside of it.
The insertion of the Decalogue, or rather the point of view which prompted its insertion, naturally involved certain consequential changes of the existing text.
Xxxiv., by means of which J's version of the covenant was represented as a renewal of the Decalogue, has already been discussed; other passages which show traces of similar revision are xxiv.
DECALOGUE (in patristic Gr.
As regards the Decalogue, as usually understood, and embodied in the parallel passages in Ex.
1 It may be added that the double system of accentuation ofthe Decalogue in the Hebrew Bible seems to preserve traces of the ancient uncertainty concerning the numeration.
But the statement "I am the Lord thy God" is either no precept at all, or only enjoins by implication what is expressly commanded in the 1 A Hebrew fragment probably of the 2nd century A.D., in the University Library, Cambridge, containing the Decalogue with several variant readings; see S.
It is much disputed what the original compass of the Decalogue was.
22, show that there is no conscious omission by the Deuteronomic speaker of part of the original Decalogue, which cannot therefore have included the reason annexed in Exodus.
It is quite another question whether there is any idea in the Decalogue which can be as old as Moses.
But the general result of a study of the Decalogue as a whole, in connexion with Israelite political history and religion, strongly supports, in fact demands, a post-Mosaic origin, and modern criticism is chiefly divided only as to the approximate date to which it is to be ascribed.
Pp. 183 sqq.) obtains a decalogue from scattered precepts in Ex.
3 The so-called Yahwist Decalogue in xxxiv.
This is recognized by Wellhausen, who says that our decalogue stands to that of Ex.
1 The Decalogue in Christian Theology.
- Following the New Testament, in which the "commandments" summed up in the law of love are identified with the precepts of the Decalogue (Mark x.
The medieval theologians followed in the same line, recognizing all the precepts of the Decalogue as moral precepts de lege naturae, though the law of the Sabbath is not of the law of nature, in so far as it prescribes a determinate day of rest (Thomas, summa, Ima IIaae, qu.
The most important medieval exposition of the Decalogue is that of Nicolaus de Lyra; and the 15th century, in which the Decalogue acquired special importance in the confessional, was prolific in treatises on the subject (Antoninus of Florence, Gerson, &c.).
Important theological controversies on the Decalogue begin with the Reformation.
The identity of the Decalogue with the eternal law of nature was maintained in both churches, but it was an open question whether the Decalogue, as such (that is, as a law given by Moses to the Israelites), is of perpetual obligation.
The Socinians, on the other hand, regarded the Decalogue as abrogated by the more perfect law of Christ; and this view, especially in the shape that the Decalogue is a civil and not a moral law (J.
On Amos and Hosea, pp. 58-64 (on the position of the Decalogue in early pre-prophetic religion of Israel); C. A.
Smith's large series including " Bible," " David," " Decalogue," " Judges," " Kings."
The incident paves the way for the account of the preparation of the new tables of stone which contain a series of laws quite distinct from the Decalogue (Ex.
Believing in one God, they contented themselves with the Decalogue and the Paternoster.
` Tables,' these are the Ten Words (the Decalogue); the ` Law ' is the Scripture; ` and the commandment,' that is the Mishnah: ` which I have written,' these are the Prophets and Writings (i.e.
3 f.) corresponds to the first table of the decalogue, while vv.
They are as follows: (i.) The Calendar; (ii.) The names of the Faires of Scotland; (iii.) The Confession of Faith used at Geneva and received by the Church of Scotland; (iv.-vii.) Concerning the election and duties of Ministers, Elders and Deacons, and Superintendent; (viii.) An order of Ecclesiastical Discipline; (ix.) The Order of Excommunication and of Public Repentance; (x.) The Visitation of the Sick; (xi.) The Manner of Burial; (xii.) The Order of Public Worship - Forms of Confession and Prayer after Sermon; (xiii.) Other Public Prayers; (xiv.) The Administration of the Lord's Supper; (xv.) The Form of Marriage; (xvi.) The Order of Baptism; (xvii.) A Treatise on Fasting with the order thereof; (xviii.) The Psalms of David; (xix.) Conclusions or Doxologies; (xx.) Hymns - metrical versions of the Decalogue, Magnificat, Apostles' Creed, &c.; (xxi.) Calvin's Catechism; (xxii.