Besides the Aurunci and the dea Marica and;the intempestaeque Graviscae (Virg.
BONA DEA, the "good goddess," an old Roman deity of fruitfulness, both in the earth and in women.
2 3.81), and as Dea Syria, or in one word Deasura (Lucian, de Dea Syria).
Lucian's De Dea Syria, § 48; for " bees," &c., as titles of sacred attendants, see J.
Thus we hear of temples dedicated to Juventas=Hebe (191 B.C.), Diana=Artemis (179 B.C.), Mars=Ares (138 B.C.), and find even such unexpected identifications as that of the Bona Dea - a cult title of the ancient Fauna, the female counterpart of the countryside numen Faunus - with a Greek goddess of women, Damia.
The full name is lucina dea, " the light-bringing goddess" (lux, light, hence adj.
7, 9), and the High Priest of Hierapolis wore the princely purple and crown like the High Priest of the Jews (De dea syria, 42).
As tribune of the people in 61 B.C., he was chiefly instrumental in securing the acquittal of the notorious Publius Clodius when charged with having profaned the mysteries of Bona Dea (Cicero, Ad.
Though not primarily a moon-goddess, she sometimes appears in this character (Lucian, Dea syr.
For though we may be sure that the shape Nib fn animal was that in which these gods were literally visible dea Lheir worshippers, yet it is impossible to tell whether some war living animal was chosen to be the earthly tenement of the, to :y, or whether he revealed himself in every individual of a in i ties, or whether merely the cult-image was roughly hewn into cor~ shape of an animal.
Excavations, commenced in the 16th century and continued to the 19th, in the grove of the Dea Dia about 5 m.
The great annual festival which they had to conduct was held in honour of the anonymous Dea Dia, who was probably identical with Ceres.
On the second and principal day of the festival the ceremonies were conducted in the grove of the Dea Dia.
Moreover, the temple of the earth-goddess Bona Dea on the slopes of the Aventine was a kind of herbarium, and snakes were kept there as a symbol of the medical art.
Lucian, De dea Syria, § 12 seq.) are connected with the beliefs associating wells or springs with serpents and other occupants.
In the Thesmophoria, a sowing festival of immemorial antiquity performed by women, cakes and pigs were thrown to serpents kept in caves and sacred to the corngoddess Demeter, who, like the Bona Dea, was representative 108, III seq., 209 sqq.).
See Gerhard, Ober Agathodamon and Bona Dea (Berlin, 1849).
The settler who went into the woods might know neither the name nor the sex of the indwelling numen; " si deus si dea," " sive mas sive femina," ran the old formulae.
Modern scholars regard her as a goddess akin to Ops, Acca Larentia and Dea Dia; or as the goddess of the new year and the returning sun (according to Mommsen, ab angerendo = are) roi, ava Apeo Oat rae it Xtov).
But as Wykeham was of the party of the Black Prince and his widow Joan of Kent, no dea ex machina was needed.
6, io; Lucian, De Dea Syria, 4) that Astarte and the moon were considered identical.