Robinson (Mme Darmesteter) and another (anonymous) in 1894, with an essay by G.
Under all circumstances we must imitate the ancient authors in holding fast to the historic personality of Zoroaster; though he - like many another name of the dim past - has failed to escape the fate of being regarded as a purely mythical creation (for instance, by Kern and by Darmesteter, in the Sacred Books of the East, vol.
According to Darmesteter, the Zarathustra of the Avesta is a mere myth, a divinity invested with human attributes, an incarnation of the storm-god, who with his divine word, the thunder, comes and smites the demons.
Darmesteter has failed to realize sufficiently the distinction between the Zoroaster of the later Avesta and the Zoroaster of the Gathas.
Among them were: Leopold Pannier; Marius Sepet, the author of Le Drame chretien au moyen age (1878) and of the Origines catholiques du theatre moderne (1901); Charles Joret; Alfred Morel-Fatio; Gaston Raynaud, who is responsible for various volumes of the excellent editions published by the Societe des anciens textes francais; Arsene Darmesteter and others.
Gigue (in the sense of a stringed instrument); the modern French gigue (a dance) is the English " jig " re-imported (Hatzfeld and Darmesteter, Dictionnaire)_ This opens up another possibility, of the origin of the name of the instrument in the dance which it accompanied.
In the same fragment we read of the ruin of Azidahaka Mazainya, which name Darmesteter interprets in the Persian sources as the demon serpent, the sorcerer (Ormazd et Ahriman, Paris, 18 77, p. 1 57).
Here we recognize a technical term of the Avesta - namely, the "Frasho-kereti," that is the reanimation of the world or resurrection of the dead (Darmesteter, op. cit., p. 239).
Darmesteter, De Floovante vetustiore gallico poemate (Paris, 1877); Floovant (Paris, 1859); ed.
Taking an opinion based on such data for what it is worth, we may note that Darmesteter believed in the influence of the later Greek philosophy (Philonian and Neo-platonic) as one of those which shaped the Avesta as we have it (Sacred Books of the East, iv.
Of course, if Darmesteter was right in seeing a Greek element in Zoroastrianism, Greek influence must still have operated under the new dynasty, which recognized the national religion.
Lavisse was admitted to the Academie Frangaise on the death of Admiral Jurien de la Graviere in 1892, and after the death of James Darmesteter became editor of the Revue de Paris.
A Slav origin for the word has been suggested (Hatzfeld and Darmesteter, Dic. gen.
Darmesteter, J~tudes iraniennes, i.
Th ldner (Stuttgart, 1886-1895; also in English); translation into rman by Spiegel (Leipzig, 1852), and into English by Darmesteter mi xford, 1880) in Max Mullers Sacred Books of the Easi.