The square fort of brickwork at Daphnae (q.v.) was built by Psammetichus I.
Psammetichus guarded the frontiers of Egypt with three strong garrisons, placing the lonian and Carian mercenaries especially at the Pelusiac Daphnae in the N.E., from which q~1arter the most formidable enemy was likely to appear.
In 1881 he began a long series of important surveys and excavations in Egypt, beginning with the pyramids at Giza, and following up his work there by excavations at the great temple at Tanis (1884), and discovering and exploring the long-lost Greek city of Naucratis in the Delta (1885), and the towns of Am and Daphnae (1886), where he found important remains of the time when they were inhabited by the Pharaohs.
A legend in Jerome and Epiphanius states that he was stoned to death at Daphnae, but the biography, though not averse from horrors, does not mention this.