But Dalhousie's own special interest lay in the advancement of the moral and material condition of the country.
It is Lord Dalhousie's misfortune that these benefits are too often forgotten in the vivid recollections of the Mutiny, which avenged his policy of annexation.
Lord Dalhousie's dealings with the feudatory states of India, though actuated by the highest motives, seem now to have proceeded upon mistaken lines.
At the close of Lord Dalhousie's administration (1856) British India was held by some 233,000 native and some 45,000 British troops - roughly a proportion of 5 to 1.
Chief among these was Dalhousie's policy of annexation, which brought under British dominion such small states as Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi, and finally the kingdom of Oudh.