Long, commanding an exploring expedition to the Minnesota and Red rivers, reached Fort Daer in 1823, he found there about six hundred persons, a few being Scotch, but the greater part being half-breeds.
There were two distinct methods of letting and hiring - saer (= free) and daer (= base), the conditions being fundamentally different.
Daer-tenure, whether of cattle or of the right to graze cattle upon land, was subject to a ciss-ninsciss (= wearisome tribute), for the payment of which security had to be given.
A man not in the enjoyment of full civil rights, if able to find security, could become a daer-ceile.
A free clansman by becoming a daer-ceile lowered his own status and that of his fine, became incompetent to give evidence against that of a flaith, and could not end the connexion until the end of the term except by a large payment.
Daer-ceiles were also exposed to casual burdens, like that of lodging and feeding soldiers when in their district.
The fuidhirs also were divided into saer and daer; the former being free by industry and thrift to acquire some property, after which five of them could club together to acquire rights corresponding to those of one freeman.
The daer fuidhirs were tramps, fugitives, captives, &c.
He could escape only by becoming a daer-fuidhir in some distant territory.
Subject or plebeian tribes, or in other words the Firbolgs, who paid daer- or base rent to the Milesians.
But if he accepted daer-stock he at once descended to the rank of a vassal.