Herodotus mentions it as the seat of the Graeco-Scythian Alazones and the Scythian Neuri, who were followed by the Dacians and the Getae.
A prince had arisen among the Dacians, Decebalus by name, worthy to be placed at the head of all the great barbarian antagonists of Rome.
The Dacians fought their ground inch by inch, and their army as a whole may be said to have bled to death.
Of the other Thracian tribes the Getae were most akin to them in language and manners; by the Greeks the Dacians were usually called Getae, by the Romans Dad..
The Dacians had attained a considerable degree of civilization when they first became known to the Romans.
Indeed the Dacians appeared so formidable that Caesar contemplated an expedition against them, which was prevented by his death.
The Dacians are often mentioned under Augustus, according to whom they were compelled to recognize the Roman supremacy.
85 to 89 the Dacians were engaged in two wars with the Romans, under Duras or Diurpaneus, and the great Decebalus, who ruled from 86-87 to 107.
But the Dacians were really left independent, as is shown by the fact that Domitian agreed to purchase immunity from further Dacian inroads by the payment of an annual tribute.
To put an end to this disgraceful arrangement, Trajan resolved to crush the Dacians once and for all.
With the religion the Dacians also adopted the language of the conquerors, and modern Rumanian is full of Latin words easily recognizable.
In 106, the Roman Emperor Trajan celebrated his defeat over the Dacians by ordering 123 consecutive days of gladiatorial games in the Roman Coliseum.