The appellatio tanquam ab abusu (appel comme d'abus) in France was an application of a like nature.
The prohibition of papal interference was enforced if necessary by the appel comme d'abus (vide supra).
From this period the parlements began the procedure which, after the Pragmatic Sanction of Charles VII., in 1438 took regular shape as the appel comme d'abus (supra; Migne, loc. cit.).
Recourse to the secular prince by way of appel comme d'abus, or otherwise, became more frequent and met with greater encouragement.
The Napoleonic legislation re-established the appel comme d'abus ("Articles organiques," art.
But the revocation of a desservant, and the forbidding him the execution of his ministry in the diocese, was not a case in which the council of state would interfere (Migne, ubi sup. " Appel comme d'abus," " Conseil d'etat ").