Henceforth discussion is carried on with a full 1 Victor Cousin, Ouvrages inedits d'Abelard, Introd.
Ii we are to put a sense upon this new expression, William may probably have meant to recall any words of his which seemed, by locating the universal in the entirety of its essence in each individual to confer upon the individual an independence which did not belong to it - thus leading in the end to the demand for a separate universal for 1 This treatise, first published by Cousin in his Ouvrages inedits d'Abelard, was attributed by him to Abelard, and he was followed in this opinion by Haureau; but Prantl adduces reasons which seem satisfactory for believing it to be the work of an unknown writer of somewhat later date (see Prantl.
1843); Rousselot's Etudes sur la philosophic dans le moyen dge (1840-1842), Cousin's Introduction to his Ouvrages inedits d'Abelard (1836), and Prantl's Geschichte der Logik im Abendlande (4 vols., 1855-1870) are invaluable aids in studying the history of medieval thought.
See Victor Cousin, introduction to his Ouvrages ine'dits d'Abelard (1836), and Fragments pour servir a l'histoire de la philosophie (1865); G.
Indeed, it was not till the 9th century, when Cousin in 1836 issued the collection entitled Ouvrages inedits d'Abelard, that his philosophical performance could be judged at first hand; of his strictly philosophical works only one, the ethical treatise Scito to ipsum, having been published earlier, namely, in 1721.