Besides these, he published more than a hundred smaller works, many of which have been collected in the three following publications: - Opuscula oratoria (1762, 2nd ed., 1767); Opuscula philologica et critica (1764, 2nd ed., 1776); 0puscula theologica (1773).
The most detailed Italiai history of the period is Carlo Tivaronis Storia critica del Rlsorgs menlo Italiano in 9 vols.
His most important works are: Lettere filosofiche (1827), in which he traces his philosophical development; Elementi di fclosofia (1832); Saggio filosofcco sulla critica della conoscenza (1819-1832); Sull' analisi e sulla sintesi (1807); Lezioni di logica e di metafisica (1832-1836); Filosofia della volontd (1832-1842, x1.14 a incomplete); Storia della filosofia (i., 1842); Considerazioni filosofiche sull' idealismo trascendentale (1841), a memoir on the system of Fichte.
(For the campaigns of 1796-1800, 1805-7, 1808-9, 1812-15, see French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Campaigns.) The chief works on civil, diplomatic and personal affairs in the life of Napoleon for the period1796-1799are: P. Gaffarel, Bonaparte et les republiques italiennes, 1796-1799 (Paris, 1895); C. Tivaroni, Storia critica del risorgimento italiano (3 vols., Turin, 1899 - (in progress)); E.
Hase's Africa (1727) and Tobias Meyer's Mappa critica of Germany (1780), J.
Besides the works already noticed, he wrote De arte critica (1597); De Antichristo (1605); Pro auctoritate ecclesiae in decidendis fidei controversiis libellus; Scaliger hypololymaeus (1607), a virulent attack on Scaliger; and latterly the anti-jesuitical works, Flagellum Jesuiticum (1632); Mysteria patrum jesuitorum (1633); and Arcana societatis Jesu (1635).
Critica regum Hungariae (42 vols., Pest, 1 7791 810), and Pray, Annales regum Hungariae (5 vols., Vienna, 1764-1770).
Croce, occupied with such studies as those mentioned, also found time to edit numerous texts and miscellaneous collections and composed many bibliographies, in addition to editing the Critica, in many respects the profoundest and widest in scope of all the European literary and philosophical reviews.
Orientalischen Literatur (1832); Grammatica critica linguae Arabicae (1831-1833); Die poetischen Bucher des alien Bundes (1835-1837, 3rd ed., 1866-1867); Die Propheten des alien Bundes (1840-1841, 2nd ed., 1867-1868); Geschichte des Volkes Israel (1843-1859, 3rd ed., 1864-1868); Alterthiimer Israels (1848); Die drei ersten Evangelien i bersetzt u.
Casanova have published a Scelta di prediche e scritti di Fra Girolamo Savonarola con nuovi documenti (Florence, 1898); Il Savonarola e la critica tedesca (Florence, 1900), a selection of translations from the German.
His Storia critica di Spagna e della cultura spagnuola in ogni genere (2 vols., 1781-1784) was finally expanded into the Historia critica de Espana y de la cultura espanola (1783-1805), which, though it consists of twenty volumes, was left unfinished; had it been continued on the same scale, the work would have consisted of fifty volumes.
His chief work, Historia Critica Philosophiae, appeared at Leipzig (5 vols., 1 74 2 - 1 744).
Of later date have been the Revista iberica (1861-1863), conducted by Sanz del Rio; La America (1857-1870), specially devoted to American subjects and edited by the brothers Asquerino; Revista de Cataluna, published at Barcelona; Revista de Espana; Revista contempordnea; Espana moderna (1889), and Revista critica (1895).
His second important work, Critica Sacra, was distasteful from a theological point of view.
His other works are Istoria critica e filosofica del suicidio (1761); Delle conquiste celebri esaminate col naturale diritto delle genti (1763); Storia critica del moderno diritto di natura e delle genti (1789); and a few poems and philosophic comedies.
Cheyne's Critica Biblica (5904), cf.
Critica, 1313.14 f.
For these Tigqune Sopherim or " corrections of the scribes " see Geiger, Urschrift, pp. 308 f.; Strack, Prolegomena Critica, p. 87; Buhl, Canon and Text of the Old Testament, pp. 103 f.
Strack, Einleitung in das alte Testament, Prolegomena Critica in Vet.
Here again we may single out Capellus as a pioneer in criticism, in his Critica sacra sive de variis quae sacris V.
Cheyne (in Critica Biblica, 1903), whose restorations resting on a dubious theory of Hebrew history have met with little approval, though his negative criticism of the text is often keen and suggestive.
Critica major (Leipzig, 1894) C. R.
He published in 1716 a work, Historia critica Latinae linguae, which soon came into wide use.
For the 1753 edition published at Bologna); a defence of Catholic doctrine, entitled Demonstratio critica religionis Catholicae (Augsburg, 1751); a work on indulgences, which has often been criticized by Protestant writers, De Origine, Progressu, V alore, et Fructu Indulgentiorum (Augsburg, 1 73 5) a treatise on mysticism, De Revelationibus et Visionibus, &c. (2 vols., 1744); and the astronomical work Nova philosophiae planetarum et artis criticae systemata (Nuremberg, 1723).
To Spain in 1814 he withdrew to France, where he published his great work, Historia critica de la inquisicion de Espana (Paris, 1815-1817).
His Ars Critica appeared in 1696, and, in continuation, Epistolae Criticae et Ecclesiasticae in 1700.
Among his original writings the principal are :- Miscellanea filologica, critica, e antiquaria; L'Integritd del Panteone rivendicata a M.
The difficulties of the mission of a Hebrew prophet to Asshur are diminished by Cheyne's later theory, Critica Biblica (1904), pp. 150-152.
Wolf shows how the question of the date of writing meets us on the 1 See the chapter in Cobet's Miscellanea critica, pp. 225-239.
The papers reprinted in Bekker's Homerische Bldtter (Bonn, 1863-1872) and Cobet's Miscellanea Critica (Leiden, 1876) are of the highest value.
From an early age he had studied theology and produced numerous compilations, the most important being the Critica Sacra, containing Observations on all the Radices of the Hebrew Words of the Old and the Greek of the New Testament (1639-1644; new ed., with supplement, 1662), for which the author received the thanks of the Westminster Assembly, to whom it was dedicated.
Bib., Zibeon, " Scythians," § 8; Cheyne, Critica Biblica, part i.