Many French Jews acquired fame, among them the ministers Cremieux (1796-1879), Fould, Gondchaux and Raynal; the archaeologists and philologians Oppert, Halevy, Munk, the Derenbourgs, Darmesteters and Reinachs; the musicians Halevy, Waldteufel and Meyerbeer; the authors and dramatists Catulle Mendes and A.
Cremieux, Isaac Moise [known as] (1796-1880), French statesman, was born at Nimes, of a rich Jewish family.
Cremieux did much to better the condition of the Jews.
This famous Decret Cremieux was the origin of the antiSemitic movement in Algiers.
Cremieux published a Recueil of his political cases (1869), and the Actes de la delegation de Tours et de Bordeaux (2 vols., 1871).
The causes of this insurrection were manifold, and, moreover, interdependent: the injury done to the military prestige of France by its defeats in Europe; the fall of the imperial government, in which, in the eyes of the natives, the authority of France was incarnate; and the insults offered with impunity in the streets by the civil population to the officers, who were loved and respected by the Arabs, at the same time that the decree of Adolphe Cremieux accorded to the Algerine Jews the rights of French citizens.