Of these risings the most notable was that, in the earlier half of the 14th century, against Louis de Crecy, count of Flanders, under the leadership of Jacob van Artevelde (q.v.).
Had his lands ravaged by the English in 1339 and died at Crecy in 1346.
By the heiress of the Tonis he left at his death in 1315 a son Earl Thomas, who distinguished himself at Crecy and Poitiers, was marshal of the English host, and, with his brother John, one of the founders of the order of the Garter.
Later cadets were John, brother of the 3rd earl, who carried the standard at Crecy, became captain of Calais, and was summoned as a peer in 1350, but died unmarried; and William, brother of the 4th earl, who was distinguished in the French wars, and succeeding to the lands of the Lords Abergavenny was summoned in that barony 1392; his son was created earl of Worcester in 1420, but died without male issue in 1422; from his daughter, who married Sir Edward Neville, descended the Lords Abergavenny.
The chivalry of France, undisciplined and careless of the lesson of Crecy and Poitiers, was quickly stung into action, and the French mounted men charged, only to be driven back in confusion.
It was besieged in 1346, after the battle of Crecy, by Edward III.
The death of the adventurous John at Crecy, and the election of his son as emperor, still further improved the situation.
But Edward's decisive victory over the French at Crecy, in Ponthieu, on the 26th of August, where he scattered the army with which Philip VI.
This was the most solid and lasting of his conquests, and its execution compelled him to greater efforts than the Crecy campaign.
Henry's son was John, king of Bohemia, who fell on the field of Crecy, and John's eldest son was the emperor Charles IV., while another famous member of the family was Baldwin, archbishop of Treves (1285-1354), who took an active part in imperial affairs.
Rudolph was followed in 1356 by his son Rudolph II., who had fought at the battle of Crecy; and who in turn was succeeded in 1370 by his halfbrother Wenceslaus.
Both as a diplomatist and a soldier, being present at the battle of Crecy in 1346; and retaining to the last the royal confidence, died in August 1355.
Its scenery is varied by forests of some size - the chief being the Foret de Senart, the Foret de Crecy and the Forét d'Armainvilliers.
Of France on his investiture in 1527.3 According to Ashmole the true account of the matter is that " King Edward having given forth his own garter as the signal for a battle which sped fortunately (which with Du Chesne we conceive to be that of Crecy), the victory, we say, being happily gained, he thence took occasion to institute this order, and gave the garter (assumed by him for the symbol of unity and society) preeminence among the ensigns of it.
As it was encouraged by John of France; and while John's father opened the Crecy campaign by sending Edward a challenge in due form of chivalry, Edward took advantage of this formal delay to amuse the French king with negotiations while he withdrew his army by a rapid march from an almost hopeless position.
Defeated the French army at Crecy on the 26th of August 1346, and besieged Calais, which surrendered on the 3rd of August 1347.
CHARLES ETIENNE LOUIS CAMUS (1699-1768), French mathematician and mechanician, was born at Crecy-en-Brie, near Meaux, on the 25th of August 1699.
Fighting as an ally of France he fell at the battle of Crecy (1346).
John II., count of Auxerre, was killed at the battle of Crecy (1346), and his grandson, John IV., sold his countship to King Charles V.
He is found at the siege of Cambrai in 1337, and at the battle of Crecy in 1346.
Meanwhile he had acquired no small military reputation, had collected a large body of professional soldiers whose experience was to be invaluable to him in the continental war, and had taught his army the new tactics which were to win Crecy and Poitiers.
But after crossing the Somme he halted at Crecy, near Abbeville, and offered battle to the pursuing enemy.
King Philip, after his experience at Crecy, refused to fight again in order to raise the siege.
The years 1345I 347 saw the zenith of King Edwards prosperity; in them fell not only his own triumphs at Crecy and Calais, but a victory at Auberoche in Prigord won ~ by his cousin Henry of Lancaster, which restored Cruss.
Warned by the disasters of Crecy and Poitiers, Charles V.
Crecy sank into an unhonoured grave.
Here Henry vindicated his military reputation Agn.nue~ by winning a victory even more surprising than those of Crecy, and Poitiers, for he was outnumbered in an even greater proportion than the two Edwards had been in 1346 and 1356,
Domestic malcontents did not scruple to hint that the king, like his father-in-law before him, had made war on France, not with any hope of renewing the glories of Crecy or Agincourt, still less with any design of helping his allies, but purely to get first grants from his parliament, and then a war indemnity from his enemies.
The evolution of the army which won Crecy and Poitiers is accompanied by the accumulation of a mass of indentures and other military documents, the value of which has been illustrated in Dr Morriss Welsh Wars of Edward I.
And George Wrottesleys Crecy and Calais from the Public Records.
Thomas of Berkeley fought at Crecy and Calais, bringing six knights and thirty-two squires to the siege in his train, with thirty mounted archers and two hundred men on foot.
(a man of considerable mark, who, after doing great service by sea and land to Philip of Valois in his English wars, was severely wounded at Crecy) purchased Mentone and Roccabruna, and bought up the claims of the Spinola to Monaco.
Guichard's son, Edward of Beaujeu, marshal of France, fought at Crecy, and perished in the battle of Ardres in 1351.