Francois Millet and Gustave Courbet, French artists residing in a small village outside Paris, took a similar approach to their work.
Courbet and Royer's edition, to have been somewhat wantonly corrupted, especially in the important point of spelling.
Courbet and Royer (1872-1900) is at present the standard.
Jules Breton has coloured the days of toil with sentiment; others, like Courbet, whose eccentric "Funeral at Ornans" attracted more notice at the Salon of 1850 than Millet's "Sowers and Binders," have treated similar subjects as a vehicle for protest against social misery; Millet alone, a peasant and a miserable one himself, saw true, neither softening nor exaggerating what he saw.
GUSTAVE COURBET (1819-1877), French painter, was born at Ornans (Doubs) on the 10th of June 1819.
Among other works he painted his own portrait with his dog, and "The Man with a Pipe," both of which were rejected by the jury of the Salon; but the younger school of critics, the neo-romantics and realists, loudly sang the praises of Courbet, who by 1849 began to be famous, producing such pictures as "After Dinner at Ornans" and "The Valley of the Loire."
When Courbet had made a name as an artist he grew ambitious of other glory; he tried to promote democratic and social science, and under the Empire he wrote essays and dissertations.
To escape the necessity of working to the end of his days at the orders of the State in order to pay this sum, Courbet went to Switzerland in 1873, and died at La Tour du Peilz, on the 31st of December 1877, of a disease of the liver aggravated by intemperance.
His more important monuments are those to Admiral Courbet (1890) at Abbeville and the famous "Joan of Arc."