The cour dassises occupies itself entirely with offences of the most serious type, classified under the penal code as crimes, in accordance with the severity of the penalties attached.
The highest tribunal in France is the cour de cassation, sitting at Paris, and consisting of a first president, three, sectional presidents and forty-five conseillers, with a ministerial staff (parquet) consisting of a procureur-general and six advocatesgeneral.
The cour de cassation can review the decision of any other tribunal, except administrative courts.
Any decision, even one of a cour dassises, may be brought before it in the last resort, and may be cassannulled.
An administrative tribunal called the cour des corn ptes subjects the accounts of the states financial agents (trsorierspayeurs, receveurs of registration fees, of customs, of indirect taxes, &c.) and of the communesi to a close investigation, and a vote of definitive settlement is finally passed by parliament.
The Cour des Comptes, an ancient tribunal, was abolished in 1791, and reorganized by Napoleon I.
All these are nominated for life by the president of the republic. Besides the accounts of the state and of the communes, those of charitable institutionsi and training collegesi and a great variety of other public establishments are scrutinized by the Cour des Comptes.
(Naundorff)1834-1838(2 vols., 1904); Plaidoirie de Jules Favre deviant la cour d'appel de Paris pour les heritiers de feu CharlesGuillaunae Naundorff (1874); H.
(Berlin, 1891-1893); C. de Lariviere, Catherine la Grande d'apres sa correspondance (Paris, 1895); Anonymous, La Cour de Catherine II.
The school of practical artillery and engineering was transferred to Fontainebleau from Metz by a decree of 1871, and now occupies the part of the palace surrounding the cour des offices.
To E.N.E.; they comprise the Cour du Cheval Blanc or des Adieux (thus named in memory of the parting scene between Napoleon and the Old Guard in 1814), the Cour de la Fontaine, the Cour Ovale, built on the site of a more ancient château, and the Cour d'Henri IV.: the smaller Cour des Princes adjoins the northern wing of the Cour Ovale.
The creator of the present edifice was Francis I., under whom the architect Gilles le Breton erected most of the buildings of the Cour Ovale, including the Porte Doree, its southern entrance, and the Salle des Fetes, which, in the reign of Henry II., was decorated by the Italians, Francesco Primaticcio and Nicolo dell' Abbate, and is perhaps the finest Renaissance chamber in France.
And the lower storey of the left wing of the Cour de la Fontaine are the work of the same architect, who also rebuilt the two-storeyed Chapelle St Saturnin.
In the same reign the Cour du Cheval Blanc, including the Chapelle de la Ste Trinite and the Galerie d'Ulysse, destroyed and rebuilt under Louis XV., was constructed by Pierre Chambiges.
After Francis I., Fontainebleau owes most to Henry IV., to whom are due the Cour d'Henri IV., the Cour des Princes, with the adjoining Galerie de Diane, and Galerie des Cerfs, used as a library.
Built the graceful horseshoe staircase in the Cour du Cheval Blanc; Napoleon I.
He names all the judges for criminal and civil cases, other than the juges de paix (magistrates) and the judges of the Cour de cassation, without having the power to discharge them."
But the monarchy was stronger in Cyprus than in Jerusalem: the fiefs were distributed by the monarch, and were smaller in extent; while the feudatories had neither the collective powers of the haute cour of Jerusalem, nor the individual privileges (such as jurisdiction over the bourgeoisie), which had been enjoyed by the feudatories of the old kingdom.
Many writings are attributed to Richelieu, although owing to his habit of working with substitutes and assistants it is difficult to settle how much of what passes under his name is authentic. Les Thuileries, La Grande Pastorale, Mirame, and the other plays, over whose fate he trembled as over the result of an embassy or a campaign, have long been forgotten; but a permanent interest attaches to his Memoires and correspondence: Memoire d'Armand du Plessis de Richelieu, eveque de Lucon, ecrit de sa main, l'annee 1607 ou 1610, alors qu'il meditait de paraitre d la cour, edited by Armand Baschet (1880); Histoire de la mere et du fill (i.e.
(1899); Bemont, "De la condamnation de Jean-sans-Terre par la Cour des Pairs de France," in the Revue historique (1886), vol.
Et la cour de France (2 vols., Paris, 1869), vol.
De Klinckowstrom, Le Comte de Fersen et la cour de France (2 vols., Paris, 1877-1878).
Du Casse, Les Rois freres de Napoleon (Paris, 1883); A Gamier, La Cour de Hollande sous le regne de Louis Bonaparte, par un auditeur (Paris and Amsterdam, 1823); T.
Other improvements projected in 1908 on the slope of the hill immediately below the Place Royale included the removal of the old tortuous and steep street called the "Montagne de la Cour" to give place to a Mont des Arts.
In Paris, in 1779, the Cour des Aides demanded their suppression, and in March 1788 the parlement of Paris made some exceedingly energetic remonstrances, which are important for the light they throw upon old French public law.
Memoires inedits (Paris, 1889); Imbert de Saint-Amand, La Cour de Charles X (Paris, 1892).
See also Felix Rocquain, La Papaute au moyen age (Paris, 1881) and La Cour de Rome et l'esprit de reforme avant Luther (3 vols., Paris, 18 93 - i 8 97); J.
Rome is almost the only place where the word curia has preserved its ancient form; elsewhere it has been almost always replaced by the word court (cour, corte), which is etymologically the same.
Cour romaine (Paris, 1907); Publications of the acts of the Roman Congregations: Bishops and regulars - Bizzarri, Collectanea in usum Secretariae (Rome, 1866, 1885).
The courts of law in their order are Cour de Cassation, Cour d'Appel, Cour de Premiere Instance, and the Juge de Paix courts, one for each of the 342 cantons.
The Cour de Cassation has a peculiar judicial sphere.
The Cour de Cassation never tries a case itself except when a minister of state is the accused.
He was educated for the law, and became vice-president of the civil tribunal of Rouen in 1878, and a member of the cour d'appel three years later.
Lorini, La Persia ecoijomica, Rome, 1900, pp. 164169; and Dr Feuvrier, Trois ens fi la cour de Perse, Paris, 1899, ch.
This question of arrest has been frequently raised in Europe: - in the case of Barbuit, a tallow-chandler, who from 1717 to 1735 acted as Prussian consul in London, and to whom the exemption conferred by statute on ambassadors was held not to apply; in the case of Cretico, the Turkish consul in London in 1808; in the case of Begley, the United States consul at Genoa, arrested in Paris in 1840; and in the case of De la Fuente Hermosa, Uruguay an consul, whom the Cour Royale of Paris in 1842 held liable to arrest for debt.
On the 2nd of April the Cour de Cassation quashed the proceedings.
Baron Imbert de St Amand, La Jeunesse de Marie Amelie (1891), Marie Amelie au Palais Royal (1892), Marie Amelie et la cour de Palerme (1891), Marie Amelie et la cour des Tuileries (1892), Marie Amelie et l'apogee de regne de Louis Philippe (1893), Marie Amelie et la societe francaise 1847 (1894), and Marie Amelie et la duchesse d'Orleans (1893).
Edmond Janssens, advocate-general of the Belgian Cour de Cassation, who was appointed president; Baron Giacomo Nisco, president ad interim of the court of appeal at Boma; and Dr E.