Sarmentosa, the well-known " mother of thousands," is often grown as a pot plant in cottagers' windows.
An annual sum is voted by parliament out of which loans are granted to cottagers who desire to purchase small freehold plots.
Villeins are opposed to socmen and freemen on one hand, to bordarii, cottagers and slaves on the other.
The distinction as against bordarii and cottagers is based on the size of the holding: the villeins are holders of regular shares in the village - that is, of the virgates, bovates or half-hides which constitute the principal subdivisions in the fields and contribute to form the ploughteams - whereas the bordarii hold smaller plots of some 5 acres, more or less, and cottarii are connected with mere cottages and crofts.
Teachers were sent round among the cottagers to give practical advice on such points as ventilation, drainage, disinfectants, cleanliness, &c., a plan which, if widely carried out, would bring the most valuable knowledge to every home in England.