Cosmological materialism is that form of the doctrine in which the dominant motive is the formation of a comprehensive world-scheme: the Stoics and Epicureans were cosmological materialists.
Its leading argument is the cosmological, concluding to " God as cause " (Martineau).
Of course the cosmological argument is rarely or never left to stand quite alone.
They incline to the Design Argument and Analogy - to the Cosmological argument (with other elements in a subordinate place) and proof by inference - to the Ontological argument.
But those who treat him as the great 2 Still, Lotze's criticism of the cosmological argument reveals his realist side.
This theory is generally ranked as the earliest appearance in European thought of the cosmological argument.
He teaches free will and immortality; and the design and cosmological arguments are both traceable in him.
He will not have the Ontological argument; but he asserts Natural Law, and relies upon the cosmological and design arguments - with various refinements and distinctions, differently stated in his two Summae.
Descartes's preliminary statement of the argument in somewhat popular form brings it very near the lines of the cosmological proof.
This is a form of the cosmological argument, and ought to go with an intuitionalist not an empiricist doctrine of causality.
Perhaps the attack on cause as used in the cosmological argument is independent of Kant's philosophical peculiarities.
If the God of the cosmological argument is the " Great First Cause," we have no right to identify him with the " Most real being " of the Ontological argument.
The cosmological argument points to nature-pantheism, with the religions - especially those of India - which embody that attitude of mind.
This involves a re-interpretation of the Cosmological argument, or a criticism of the view ordinarily taken of it.
The Cosmological argument proves, with the help of the first-named intuition, that there is one great First Cause; and the Design argument shows the First Cause to be intelligent or personal.
Of the cosmological proof; but Martineau follows a side modification of intuitionalism (Maine de Biran, &c.) in identifying cause with will.
He dissents as a realist from the Cosmological argument in the form' in which 'it concludes from " contingent " to " necessary " being.
One might prefer as a theist to hold (1) that we need a philosophical doctrine of the nature of reality - the " Absolute "; given in popular form in the Cosmological argument; (2) that we take the risk of attaching a higher degree of significance and authority to the revelations of the moral consciousness, which, although moulded or educed by society, do not terminate in the authority of society, but point beyond it to God; this position has its popular form in the moral argument; possibly (3) that necessities of thought shut us up to belief in omnipotence or infinity; (4) that divine help is the supreme revelation.
Consequently his theology is cosmological speculation and ethical reflection based on the sacred Scriptures.
XtXcas, a thousand) are given, is quite common in non-Christian religions and cosmological systems.
This was no isolated phenomenon; for in every progressive period of the history of religion we have on the one side the doctrine of God advancing in depth and fulness: on the other we have cosmological, eschatological and other survivals, which, however justifiable in earlier stages, are in unmistakable antagonism with the theistic beliefs of the time.
This third work contained in the Coptic MS. referred to under Gospel of Mary gives cosmological disclosures and is presumably of Valentinian origin.
This book, which is found in the Coptic MS. referred to under Gospel of Mary and contains cosmological disclosures of Christ, is said to have formed the source of Irenaeus' account of the Gnostics of Barbelus (i.
(b) Another source of apocalyptic was primitive mythological and cosmological traditions, in which the eye of the seer could see the secrets of the future no less surely than those of the past.
To Kant's lectures and conversations he further owed something of his large interest in cosmological and anthropological problems. Among the writers whom he most carefully read were Plato, Hume, Shaftesbury, Leibnitz, Diderot and Rousseau.
His investigation tends to show that in the course of tradition cosmological myths are transformed into eschatological dogmas.
Schelling had neither the strength of thinking nor 4-he acquired knowledge necessary to hold the balance between the abstract treatment of cosmological notions and the concrete researches of special science.
Each class based its position on Scripture, but the latter (which prevailed) had the advantage of being able easily to combine with cosmological and theological propositions current in the religious philosophy of the time.
The cumbrous mythology and cosmogony of Mithraism at last weakened its hold upon men's minds, and it disappeared during the 4th century before a victorious Catholicism, yet not until another faith, equally Iranian in its mythology mad cosmological beliefs, had taken its place.
He supposes in metaphysics the same transcendence in forming cosmological, psychological, and ontological " ideals."
He supposes real as well as imaginary transcendence in cosmological " ideals "; the former as to the forms of space and time, the latter as to content, e.g.
Atoms. But he limits psychological and ontological " ideals " entirely to imaginary transcendence, The result is that he confines metaphysical transcendence to " a process into the imaginary " as regards the substantial and causal content of cosmological " ideals," and altogether as regards psychological and ontological " ideals."
Thus, according to him, in the first place reason forms a cosmological " ideal " of a multitude of simple units related; secondly, it forms a psychological " ideal " of a multitude of wills, or substance-generating activities, which communicate with one another by ideas so that will causes ideas in will, while together they constitute a collective will, and it goes on to form the moral ideal of humanity (das sittliche Menschheitsideal); and, thirdly, it forms an ontological " ideal " of God as ground of this moral " ideal," and therewith of all being as means to this end, and an " ideal " of God as world-will, of which the world is development, and in which individual wills participate each in its sphere.
Here the cosmological element is and though naturally this self-assertion seemed blasphemous to those who did not accept him, yet as he had transformed the traditional notion of the kingdom, so did he the current thought of the Messiah.
Such a religion appeals for its self-verification not to its agreement with cosmological conceptions, either ancient or modern, or with theories of philosophy, however true these may be, but to the moral sense of man.
Its motive was not cosmological or metaphysical, but religious and historical.
The assumption of two Gods necessarily led to cosmological speculations.
The original ethical contrast of " good " and " just " is thus transformed into the cosmological contrast of " spirit " and " matter."
In " Opinion " he propounded a theory of the world of seeming and its development, pointing out however that, in accordance with the principles already laid down, these cosmological speculations do not pretend to anything more than probability.
Yet interest in man's moral necessities threatens to be lost amid this cosmological wisdom.